Difference between revisions of "Terms and abbreviations"

From Cargo Handbook - the world's largest cargo transport guidelines website
 
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|style="padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|[[File:circle-terms.png|75px|link=]]
|Go directly to: [[#Abbreviations|Abbreviations]]
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|style="padding-left:20px;"|Go directly to: [[#Abbreviations|Abbreviations]] or
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|  [[#A|A ]][[#B|B ]][[#C|C ]][[#D|D ]][[#E|E ]][[#F|F ]][[#G|G ]][[#H|H ]][[#I|I ]]J [[#K|K ]][[#L|L ]][[#M|M ]][[#N|N ]][[#O|O ]][[#P|P ]][[#Q|Q ]][[#R|R ]][[#S|S ]][[#T|T ]][[#U|U ]][[#V|V ]][[#W|W ]][[#X|X ]] Y  Z
 
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__NOTOC__
  
 
==Terms==
 
==Terms==
  
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==A==
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[[#top|back to top]]
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Acid value'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Acid value'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The acid value specifies how many milligrams of [[potassium hydroxide]] (KOH) are necessary to neutralize the free [[fatty acids]] in a single gram of fat.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The acid value specifies how many milligrams of [[potassium hydroxide]] (KOH) are necessary to neutralize the free [[Fatty Acids]] in a single gram of fat.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Apparant density'''
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Apparent density'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Density of lumber including hollow space.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Density of lumber including hollow space.
  
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Articulated train / double train'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Articulated train / double train'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| An articulated train is a combination of an articulated truck and one or more trailers, i.e. truck tractor plus semitrailer plus trailer. German road traffic licensing regulations (StVZO) forbids combinations of this type. Section 32a stated explicitly that no trailers are to be towed behind articulated [[trucks]].
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| An articulated train is a combination of an articulated truck and one or more trailers, i.e. truck tractor plus semitrailer plus trailer. German road traffic licensing regulations (StVZO) forbids combinations of this type. Section 32a stated explicitly that no trailers are to be towed behind articulated trucks.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Autoxidation'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Autoxidation'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Oxidation caused atmospheric oxygen and taking place at normal temperatures.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Oxidation caused atmospheric oxygen and taking place at normal temperatures.
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==B==
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[[#top|back to top]]
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Barge'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Barge'''
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Billets'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Billets'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Semi-finished products (steel products) with a square of rectangular cross-section, edge lengths of 50 to 125 mm, rounded edges and a minimum length of approximately 1000 mm. This are the used to produce for bars, [[wire rod]] and special profiles or for forged or drop-forged items.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Semi-finished products (steel products) with a square of rectangular cross-section, edge lengths of 50 to 125 mm, rounded edges and a minimum length of approximately 1000 mm. This are the used to produce for bars, wire rod and special profiles or for forged or drop-forged items.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Blued steel [[scrap]]'''
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Blued steel scrap'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A normal steel scrap can be refined by heat treatment (heating, quenching, tempering). It undergoes a structural change which gives it optimal properties in terms of hardness and elasticity. Heat treatment leaves an oxide layer on the surface of the steel which is a bleuish color (steel blue), hence the name.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A normal steel scrap can be refined by heat treatment (heating, quenching, tempering). It undergoes a structural change which gives it optimal properties in terms of hardness and elasticity. Heat treatment leaves an oxide layer on the surface of the steel which is a bleuish color (steel blue), hence the name.
  
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Break-bulk'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Break-bulk'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| loose cargo, such as cartons, stowed directly in the ship's hold as opposed to containerized or bulk cargo. The volume of break bulk cargo has declined dramatically worldwide as containerization has grown.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| loose cargo, such as cartons, stowed directly in the ship's hold as opposed to containerized or [[bulk cargo]]. The volume of break bulk cargo has declined dramatically worldwide as containerization has grown.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''B-Train'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''B-Train'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| two trailers linked together by a fifth wheel, and are up to 26 m (85 ft) long. The fifth wheel coupling is located at the rear of the [[lead]], or first trailer and is mounted on a "tail" section commonly located immediately above the lead trailer axles.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| two trailers linked together by a fifth wheel, and are up to 26 m (85 ft) long. The fifth wheel coupling is located at the rear of the lead, or first trailer and is mounted on a "tail" section commonly located immediately above the lead trailer axles.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Bulk Cargo'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Bulk Cargo'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities. These cargos are usually dropped or poured as a liquid or solid, into a bulk carrier's hold. Examples of bulk cargo are [[grain]], seed, and coal and iron ore.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities. These cargos are usually dropped or poured as a liquid or solid, into a bulk carrier's hold. Examples of bulk cargo are [[grain]], seed, and [[coal]] and iron ore.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Bulk cargoes'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Bulk cargoes'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| cargoes which are intended to be transported without any intermediate form of containment in bulk packagings or portable tanks
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| cargoes which are intended to be transported without any intermediate form of containment in bulk packagings or portable tanks
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|}
  
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==C==
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[[#top|back to top]]
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CA, CA atmosphere'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CA, CA atmosphere'''
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Caking'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Caking'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Hardening of bulk cargo caused by a release of water vapor; Causes the formation of lumps if moisture is present in salts or sugars.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Hardening of [[bulk cargo]] caused by a release of water vapor; Causes the formation of lumps if moisture is present in salts or sugars.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cargo temperature'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cargo temperature'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The temperature of the cargo within the container. Can vary according to place and time (e.g. during a cooling or warming process).
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The temperature of the cargo within the container. Can vary according to place and time (e.g. during a cooling or warming process).
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cargo transport unit (CTU)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a freight container, swap-body, vehicle, railway wagon or any other similar unit; see also Intermodal Transport Unit (ITU)
 
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cargo transport unit (CTU)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cargo transport unit (CTU)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a freight container, swap-body, vehicle, railway wagon or any other similar unit;
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a freight container, swap-body, vehicle, railway wagon or any other similar unit;
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Carrier'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Carrier shall mean any person, organization or government undertaking the carriage of radioactive material by any means of transport. The term includes both carriers for hire or reward (known as common or contract carriers in some countries) and carriers on own account (known as private carriers in some countries).
 
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Carrier'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| See Transport operator
 
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Carrier'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Carrier'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes.
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Carrier'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Carrier shall mean any person, organization or government undertaking the carriage of radioactive material by any means of transport. The term includes both carriers for hire or reward (known as common or contract carriers in some countries) and carriers on own account (known as private carriers in some countries).
 
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CFC'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CFC'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>C</b>hloro <b>F</b>luoro <b>C</b>arbons. CFCs are artificially produced gases or liquids. They are used as coolants, propellants or [[detergents]]. CFCs can remain in the atmosphere for decades before being broken down. They are a source of chlorine radicals, which react with ozone and contribute significantly toward the destruction of the ozone layer. CFCs are now banned in Switzerland and a number of other countries.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>C</b>hloro <b>F</b>luoro <b>C</b>arbons. CFCs are artificially produced gases or liquids. They are used as coolants, propellants or detergents. CFCs can remain in the atmosphere for decades before being broken down. They are a source of chlorine radicals, which react with ozone and contribute significantly toward the destruction of the ozone layer. CFCs are now banned in Switzerland and a number of other countries.
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Climacteric fruits'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Climacteric fruits'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (from the Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time). For bananas the "climacteric" is the point at which the fruits turn from green to yellow. Starch breaks down to form [[sugar]]. Fruits that reach the climacteric are ready-to-eat or ripe for consumption.
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (from the Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time). For bananas the "climacteric" is the point at which the fruits turn from green to yellow. Starch breaks down to form sugar. Fruits that reach the climacteric are ready-to-eat or ripe for consumption.
 
   
 
   
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignee'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignee'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Consignee shall mean any person, organization or government that is entitled to take delivery of a consignment.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Consignee shall mean any person, organization or government that is entitled to take delivery of a consignment.
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignee'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Person entitled to take delivery of the goods
 
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignee'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the party to whom the cargo is consigned or entrusted, is often used to define the party that will receive or bought the goods
 
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignment'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Consignment shall mean any package or packages, or load of radioactive material, presented by a consignor for transport.
 
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignment'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignment'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Freight sent under a single contract of carriage
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Freight sent under a single contract of carriage
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignment'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Consignment shall mean any package or packages, or load of radioactive material, presented by a consignor for transport.
 
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignor'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Consignor shall mean any person, organization or government that prepares a consignment for transport.
 
  
 
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| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignor'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignor'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A person or company who puts goods in the care of others (forwarding agent/freight forwarder, carrier/transport operator) to be delivered to a consignee
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A person or company who puts goods in the care of others (forwarding agent/freight forwarder, carrier/transport operator) to be delivered to a consignee
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Consignor'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the party who has released or sold the goods
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 611: Line 583:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Containerizable'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Containerizable'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Goods (and their packaging) must have the physical properties which ensure that they will survive transport in a container without damage as a result of climatic, mechanical and biotic conditions (depending on the route and duration of transport). These properties include the humidity, temperature and [[ventilation]] requirements of the load.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Goods (and their packaging) must have the physical properties which ensure that they will survive transport in a container without damage as a result of climatic, mechanical and biotic conditions (depending on the route and duration of transport). These properties include the humidity, temperature and ventilation requirements of the load.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 674: Line 646:
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cooked [[bananas]]'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cooked bananas'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|If upper temperature limits are exceeded, the bananas can ripen so quickly that they burst. This is usually referred to as "cooked" bananas.  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|If upper temperature limits are exceeded, the bananas can ripen so quickly that they burst. This is usually referred to as "cooked" bananas.  
  
Line 694: Line 666:
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''[[Corrugated board]] carton'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Corrugated board carton'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Carton made of corrugated board.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Carton made of corrugated board.
  
Line 703: Line 675:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cradle'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Cradle'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A cradle is a frame that is used to secure loads with a tendency to roll, such as boats or cylindrical goods (boilers, large-diameter [[pipes]], etc.). The upper side of the cradle is shaped to fit the product it is designed to carry.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A cradle is a frame that is used to secure loads with a tendency to roll, such as boats or cylindrical goods (boilers, large-diameter pipes, etc.). The upper side of the cradle is shaped to fit the product it is designed to carry.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 736: Line 708:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CTU / CTU guidelines'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''CTU / CTU guidelines'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cargo Transport Unit: Guidelines for the packing of loads except bulk goods either in or on CTUs for transport by means of any method of land-based or water-based transportation.  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cargo Transport Unit: Guidelines for the packing of loads except bulk goods either in or on CTUs for transport by means of any method of land-based or water-based transportation.  
 +
|}
  
 +
==D==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''daN'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''daN'''
Line 751: Line 727:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Dead air zone'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Dead air zone'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Area in a cargo stack with insufficient [[ventilation]].
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Area in a cargo stack with insufficient ventilation.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 852: Line 828:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Dunnage material'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Dunnage material'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Materials which are not fastened firmly to the means of transport or transport container and are used to protect the goods from sweat, dirt, or mechanical stress, for instance, or as an aid in stowage (interlayer dunnage). Depending on its application, it is referred to as floor dunnage, interlayer dunnage, lateral dunnage or top dunnage.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Materials which are not fastened firmly to the means of transport or transport container and are used to protect the goods from sweat, dirt, or mechanical stress, for instance, or as an aid in stowage (interlayer dunnage). Depending on its application, it is referred to as floor dunnage, interlayer dunnage, lateral dunnage or top dunnage.
 
+
|}
 +
==E==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Eating ripeness'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Eating ripeness'''
Line 888: Line 867:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Exclusive use'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Exclusive use'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Exclusive use shall mean the sole use, by a single consignor, of a conveyance or of a large freight container, in respect of which all initial, intermediate and final loading and unloading and shipment are carried out in accordance with the directions of the consignor or consignee, where so required by these Regulations.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Exclusive use shall mean the sole use, by a single consignor, of a conveyance or of a large freight container, in respect of which all initial, intermediate and final loading and unloading and shipment are carried out in accordance with the directions of the consignor or consignee, where so required by these Regulations.
 
+
|}
 +
==F==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Fat-cleaving enzymes'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Fat-cleaving enzymes'''
Line 900: Line 882:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Feeder service'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Feeder service'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Short sea shipping service which connects at least two ports in order for the freight (generally containers) to be consolidated or redistributed to or from a deep-sea service in one of these ports.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Short sea shipping service which connects at least two ports in order for the freight (generally containers) to be consolidated or redistributed to or from a deep-sea service in one of these ports.
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Feeder service'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cargo to/from regional ports are transferred to/from a central hub port for a long–haul ocean voyage.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 955: Line 933:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Flange'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Flange'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A ring welded onto the end of a pipe. It is used with its counterpart to join [[pipes]]. The rings are provided with drilled holes through which the pipes can be bolted together.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A ring welded onto the end of a pipe. It is used with its counterpart to join pipes. The rings are provided with drilled holes through which the pipes can be bolted together.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,008: Line 986:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| an article of transport equipment that is of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; it is designed to transport a number of receptacles, packages, unit loads or overpacks together from the packing point to its final destination by road, rail, inland waterway and/or sea without intermediate separate handling of each package, unit load or overpack;
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| an article of transport equipment that is of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; it is designed to transport a number of receptacles, packages, unit loads or overpacks together from the packing point to its final destination by road, rail, inland waterway and/or sea without intermediate separate handling of each package, unit load or overpack;
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Freight container shall mean an article of transport equipment that is of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; specially designed to facilitate the transport of goods, by one or other modes of transport, without intermediate reloading, designed to be secured and/or readily handled, having fittings for these purposes. The term "freight container" does not include vehicle.
 
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight container - small, large 1'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Freight container shall mean an article of transport equipment that is of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; specially designed to facilitate the transport of goods, by one or other modes of transport, without intermediate reloading, designed to be secured and/or readily handled, having fittings for these purposes. The term "freight container" does not include vehicle.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,024: Line 994:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight forwarder'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight forwarder'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Intermediary who arranges for the carriage of goods and/or associated services on behalf of a shipper.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Intermediary who arranges for the carriage of goods and/or associated services on behalf of a shipper.
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Freight forwarder'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a person or company that organises shipments for individuals or other companies and may also act as a carrier. A forwarder is often not active as a carrier and acts only as an agent, in other words as a third-party (non-asset-based) logistics provider that dispatches shipments via asset-based carriers and that books or otherwise arranges space for these shipments
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,064: Line 1,030:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Fungicide'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Fungicide'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: fungus - fungus, cide - inhibiting) A means used to combat mould.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: fungus - fungus, cide - inhibiting) A means used to combat mould.
 +
|}
  
 +
==G==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Gantry crane'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Gantry crane'''
Line 1,087: Line 1,057:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Grey mould rot'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Grey mould rot'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Storage disease frequently occurring in [[carrots]] and [[tomatoes]].
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Storage disease frequently occurring in carrots and [[tomatoes]].
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ground conveyor'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ground conveyor'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| General term for conveying equipment which runs on wheels along the ground, can be freely steered and is used to convey, pull or push loads, such as forklift [[trucks]] or side loaders.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| General term for conveying equipment which runs on wheels along the ground, can be freely steered and is used to convey, pull or push loads, such as forklift trucks or side loaders.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Groupage'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Groupage'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The grouping together of several consignments into a full load
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The grouping together of several consignments into a full load
 
+
|}
 +
==H==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Half-height open-top container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Half-height open-top container'''
Line 1,160: Line 1,133:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Hold meteorology study group'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Hold meteorology study group'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The objective of the container meteorology study group at the Warnemünde-Wustrow University of Seafaring, established by Professor Ulrich Scharnow in 1070, who has headed the group since that time, was to investigate the complex thermodynamic processes occurring in containers. The investigations were carried out on two standard containers, each of which was equipped with an air lock to prevent disturbing the cryptoclimate when monitoring and making measurements and a weather station. The results of the investigations were able to provide information to both container manufacturers and consignors, particularly to consignors of hygroscopic goods, about the potential for climatological conditions, particularly in ambient conditions exposed to radiation.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The objective of the container meteorology study group at the Warnemünde-Wustrow University of Seafaring, established by Professor Ulrich Scharnow in 1070, who has headed the group since that time, was to investigate the complex thermodynamic processes occurring in containers. The investigations were carried out on two standard containers, each of which was equipped with an air lock to prevent disturbing the cryptoclimate when monitoring and making measurements and a weather station. The results of the investigations were able to provide information to both container manufacturers and consignors, particularly to consignors of hygroscopic goods, about the potential for climatological conditions, particularly in ambient conditions exposed to radiation.
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''High cube container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Container of standard ISO length and width but with a height of 9' 6" (2.9 m).
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,209: Line 1,178:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Hub port'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Hub port'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a port that is the destination of liner service where containers are transhipped onto feeder services for maritime transport onto small container ports.  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a port that is the destination of liner service where containers are transhipped onto feeder services for maritime transport onto small container ports.  
 +
|}
  
 +
==I==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Intermediate bulk container'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Intermediate bulk container'''
Line 1,244: Line 1,217:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ingot'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ingot'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Ingots are blocks of metal which are cast into a particular shape. They can vary greatly from metal to metal and from production site to production site. Aluminum, [[lead]], [[zinc]] and tin are very often transported in this form.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Ingots are blocks of metal which are cast into a particular shape. They can vary greatly from metal to metal and from production site to production site. Aluminum, lead, zinc and tin are very often transported in this form.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,288: Line 1,261:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Intermodality'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Intermodality'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <nowiki>a system of transport whereby two or more modes of transport are used to transport the same loading unit or truck in an integrated manner, without loading or unloading, in a </nowiki>[door to door] transport chain</nowiki>
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a system of transport whereby two or more modes of transport are used to transport the same loading unit or truck in an integrated manner, without loading or unloading, in a door to door transport chain.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Internal breakdown'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Internal breakdown'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Chilling damage in pomaceous fruit. If, for instance, [[apples]] are stored at too cold a temperature, they "freeze" and suffer irreparable metabolic damage. the flesh of he fruit usually becomes soft and brown from the core. Such damage generally cannot be detected externally.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Chilling damage in pomaceous fruit. If, for instance, [[apples]] are stored at too cold a temperature, they "freeze" and suffer irreparable metabolic damage. the flesh of he fruit usually becomes soft and brown from the core. Such damage generally cannot be detected externally.
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Invasion'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| In the context of the Contaiern Handbook: Insect attach of goods.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Iodine value'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Iodine value'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Measure of the degree of unsaturated hydrocarbons in oils and [[fats]].
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Measure of the degree of unsaturated hydrocarbons in oils and fats.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Isomerization'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Isomerization'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: isos - same; meros - part)Intra-molecular restructuring. the atoms in the molecule are reorganized in such a way tha tthe actual composition does not change. This usually had an effect on the chemical and physical properties.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: isos - same; meros - part)Intra-molecular restructuring. the atoms in the molecule are reorganized in such a way that the actual composition does not change. This usually had an effect on the chemical and physical properties.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''ISO standard'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''ISO standard'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Standard compliant with the "Internatioal Organization for Standardization".
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Standard compliant with the "International Organization for Standardization".
 +
|}
  
 +
==K==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Kraftliner'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Kraftliner'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Kraft paper (see below) made of bleached/unbleached kraft pulp and used to make the outer layers of [[corrugated board]] and [[millboard]].
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Kraft paper (see below) made of bleached/unbleached kraft pulp and used to make the outer layers of corrugated board and millboard.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Kraft paper'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Kraft paper'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| This is made of at least 90% fresh, usually unbleached, [[sulfate pulp]] (kraft pulp). It is characterized by high strength and resistance.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| This is made of at least 90% fresh, usually unbleached, [[sulfate pulp]] (kraft pulp). It is characterized by high strength and resistance.
 
+
|}
 +
==L==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Label'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Label'''
Line 1,340: Line 1,316:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lashing crosspiece'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lashing crosspiece'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A construction similar in appearance to a girder, manufactured primarily from steel and offering attachment points for lashing equipment.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A construction similar in appearance to a girder, manufactured primarily from steel and offering attachment points for lashing equipment.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lashing equipment'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Devices or aids for securing loads against slippage, tipping and falling. It may comprise chains, wires, ropes, straps or rods and is generally used in conjuction with a tensioning device (e.g. turnbuckle, twistlock or ratchet tensioner). Depending on the way in which the load is secured, it may be referred to as cylinder lashing, cross lashing, wire-rope lashing or round-turn lashing. Verb: to lash.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lashing rod'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Metal rod for securing (lashing) containers on deck.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lateral dunnage'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Covering the sides of the container with dunnage provides protection against dripping sweat.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lateral tier'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Lateral layer of cargo. Generally used to stabilize the stow or to close off the face of the load.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lattice'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Grid-like structure, mainly wooden, used to secure the load.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lgjs container car'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Series of rail cars for container transportation. The letter j in the name indicates that the car is fitted with buffers.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,347: Line 1,347:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lift truck'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lift truck'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a truck equipped with devices such as arms, forks, clamps, hooks etc. to handle any kind of cargo, including cargo that is unitised, overpacked or packed in CTUs;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a truck equipped with devices such as arms, forks, clamps, hooks etc. to handle any kind of cargo, including cargo that is unitised, overpacked or packed in CTUs.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lighter'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A lighter is an inland water vessel or barge usually without an engine that was originally used for reducing the draft of a ocean-going vessel by lightening the load thus allowing it to enter the port.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Limit of liability'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Limit of liability'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The maximum sum of money payable by a carrier to a shipper for any damage or loss to the cargo for which the carrier is liable under the contract of carriage. The amount of the limitation is determined by agreement or by law.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The maximum sum of money payable by a carrier to a shipper for any damage or loss to the cargo for which the carrier is liable under the contract of carriage. The amount of the limitation is determined by agreement or by law.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Line load'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Weight force which can be withstood by a container floor per running meter.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Liner bag'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Plastic fabric fixed inside a standard container with bulk cargo.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Liner service'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Liner service'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| maritime route between two or more major hub ports
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| maritime route between two or more major hub ports
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lipases'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: lipos - fat, oil) Fat-cleaving enzymes.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Liquid bulk'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Liquid cargo.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Load limit line'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A red line in refrigerated containers that indicates the maximum stowage height of the load to allow sufficient air circulation below the roof.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Load-securing foam'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Foams which are used as fillers, generally made from PE or PU. They are used to fill gaps in the container, and thus to ensure tight fit and firm securing of the load.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,364: Line 1,392:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Loading Unit'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Loading Unit'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Container or swap body.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Container or swap body.
 +
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Locking coil'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Coils (rolls of steel sheet) are generally loaded athwartships with their winding axis fore and aft. They are stowed from the side walls inwards, so that one or two spaces are left in the center that are too small for a further coil. The locking coil(s) is (are) placed in this (these) space(s). The opening angle leads to significant lateral pressure. This pressure forces the other coils towards the ship's sides, thus stabilizing the stow / row of coils. Locking coils must not protrude down into the cantlines of the lower tier by more than one-third of the diameter of the locking coil, since if they protrude any further, the increased lateral pressure can lead to damage to the coils.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,372: Line 1,404:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Logistics'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Logistics'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The process of designing and managing the supply chain in the wider sense
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The process of designing and managing the supply chain in the wider sense
 
  
 
The chain can extend from the delivery of supplies for manufacturing, through the management of materials at the plant, delivery to warehouses and distribution centres, sorting, handling, packaging and final distribution to point of consumption.
 
The chain can extend from the delivery of supplies for manufacturing, through the management of materials at the plant, delivery to warehouses and distribution centres, sorting, handling, packaging and final distribution to point of consumption.
Line 1,397: Line 1,428:
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Management system'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lower temperature limit'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Management system shall mean a set of interrelated or interacting elements (system) for establishing policies and objectives and enabling the objectives to be achieved in an efficient and effective manner.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Temperatures below this limit lead to quality degradation, e.g. chilling.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Marine Carrier'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Low temperature flexibility'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performanceof carriage by deep sea, coastal or feeder vessel.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Increased kink resistance achieved by adding plasticizer to synthetic plastics.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Maritime container'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Low-temperature refrigerated containers'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A container strong enough to be stacked in a cellular ship and to be top lifted
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Refrigerated containers that enable goods to be transported at temperatures as low as -60˚C.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Lumen'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: lumen - cavity). Pores in the structure of wood, cavities in vegetable fibers.
 +
|}
 +
==M==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Management system'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Management system shall mean a set of interrelated or interacting elements (system) for establishing policies and objectives and enabling the objectives to be achieved in an efficient and effective manner.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Marine Carrier'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performanceof carriage by deep sea, coastal or feeder vessel.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Maritime container'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A container strong enough to be stacked in a cellular ship and to be top lifted
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,439: Line 1,489:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Mesophilic microorganisms (humidity)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Mesophilic microorganisms (humidity)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: mesos - middle; philos - love). Microorganisms thriving above 86% relative humidity.  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: mesos - middle; philos - love). Microorganisms thriving above 86% relative humidity.  
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,471: Line 1,520:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''MSL'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''MSL'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>M<\b>aximum <b>S<\b>ecuring <b>L<\b>oad (MSL) is the strength of a material to resist a tensile load without suffering plastic / permanent deformation. The MSL is extremely important for cargo securing, since materials which are liable to suffer permanent deformation must not be used for securing cargoes. Cargo securing materials must therefore be dimensioned to ensure that they are loaded no further than their MSL. For maritime transport "MSL" is to be used in accordance with .  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>M</b>aximum <b>S</b>ecuring <b>L</b>oad (MSL) is the strength of a material to resist a tensile load without suffering plastic / permanent deformation. The MSL is extremely important for cargo securing, since materials which are liable to suffer permanent deformation must not be used for securing cargoes. Cargo securing materials must therefore be dimensioned to ensure that they are loaded no further than their MSL. For maritime transport "MSL" is to be used in accordance with appendix 13 of the guideline entitled "Bekanntmachung von Änderungen von Richtlinien für die sachgerechte Stauung von Ladung bei der Beförderung met Seeschiffen" ("Publication of amendments to guidelines for the correct stowage of cargoes for carriage in ocean-going ships") of 14 February 1996 (published in the German "Bundesanzeiger" newspaper, 7 May 1996). The text of this guideline can be found in TIS.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Mycotoxins'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Poisonous metabolic products produced by mold.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,484: Line 1,537:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Multimodal transport operator (MTO)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Multimodal transport operator (MTO)'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person who concludes a multimodal transport contract and assumes the whole responsibility for the performance thereof as a carrier or a transport operator.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Any person who concludes a multimodal transport contract and assumes the whole responsibility for the performance thereof as a carrier or a transport operator.
 
+
|}
 +
==N==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Narrowband'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Narrowband'''
Line 1,503: Line 1,559:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Non-respiring goods'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Non-respiring goods'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Goods which do not cause a change in the ambient atmosphere (except perhaps a release of water). These include all frozen goods and goods sealed in gas-tight packaging, steel products and [[all products]] which are not subject to decomposition processes. Caution! Degradation processes occur even in [[scrap]] lumber / wooden chips, shredded scrap metal, [[waste paper]], etc. although these cannot be described as respiration, they nevertheless consume O<sub>2</sub> and release CO<sub>2</sub> to the extent that this may lead to the build-up or life-threatening concentrations in closed rooms.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Goods which do not cause a change in the ambient atmosphere (except perhaps a release of water). These include all frozen goods and goods sealed in gas-tight packaging, steel products and [[all products]] which are not subject to decomposition processes. Caution! Degradation processes occur even in scrap lumber / wooden chips, shredded scrap metal, [[waste paper]], etc. although these cannot be described as respiration, they nevertheless consume O<sub>2</sub> and release CO<sub>2</sub> to the extent that this may lead to the build-up or life-threatening concentrations in closed rooms.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,516: Line 1,572:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Nonwoven fabric'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Nonwoven fabric'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Water absorbent cloth underneath the container roof.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Water absorbent cloth underneath the container roof.
 
+
|}
 +
==O==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Odor sensitivity'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Odor sensitivity'''
Line 1,552: Line 1,611:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Overloaded'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Overloaded'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A container where the combined mass of the cargo and the container is greater than the maximum gross mass shown on the safety approval plate.
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A container where the combined mass of the cargo and the container is greater than the maximum gross mass shown on the safety approval plate.
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Overpack'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Overpack shall mean an enclosure used by a single consignor to contain one or more packages and to form one unit for convenience of handling and stowage during transport.
 
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Overpack'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Overpack shall mean an enclosure used by a single consignor to contain one or more packages and to form one unit for convenience of handling and stowage during transport.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,571: Line 1,622:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| placed or stacked on to a load board such as a pallet and secured by strapping, shrink-wrapping, stretch-wrapping or other suitable means; or
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| * placed or stacked on to a load board such as a pallet and secured by strapping, shrink-wrapping, stretch-wrapping or other suitable means; or
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| placed in a protective outer packaging such as a box or crate;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| * placed in a protective outer packaging such as a box or crate;
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
Line 1,583: Line 1,634:
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The maximum gross mass shown on the shipping manifest
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| * he maximum gross mass shown on the shipping manifest
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the road or rail maximum masses when combined with the tare of the container carrying vehicle.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| * the road or rail maximum masses when combined with the tare of the container carrying vehicle.
 +
|}
  
 +
==P==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Package'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Package'''
Line 1,636: Line 1,691:
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packaging'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packaging'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| receptacles and any other components or materials necessary for the receptacle to perform its containment function
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| receptacles and any other components or materials necessary for the receptacle to perform its containment function
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packaging '''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Packaging shall mean one or more receptacles and any other components or materials necessary for the receptacles to perform the containment and other safety functions.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
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|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packing'''
 
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packing'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the stowage, securing and verification of the mass of packaged and/or unitized or overpacked cargoes into CTUs.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the packing of packaged and/or unitized or overpacked cargoes into CTUs
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Packing'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pail'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the packing of packaged and/or unitized or overpacked cargoes into CTUs
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A container made from plastic or steel with a firmly closed lid, for transportation of liquids, in particular [[paints]] and oils.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pallet'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a term used for a load-carrying platform onto which loose cargo is stacked before being placed inside a container. It is designed to be moved easily by fork-lift trucks.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pallet box'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport container/box with integrated pallet.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pallet'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Palletization'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A raised platform, normally made of wood, facilitating the handling of goods. Pallets are of standard dimensions. The most used in Europe are 1000 mm x 1200 mm (ISO) and 800 mm x 1200 mm (CEN).
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loading of uniform packages onto pallets in accordance with a predefined packing plan. For reasons of stability this should be done in such a way that the load items interlock.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pallet'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Palletized'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a term used for a load-carrying platform onto which loose cargo is stacked before being placed inside a container. It is designed to be moved easily by fork-lift trucks.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cargo which has been grouped into a single cargo unit. Better rates are generally available for packing containers with palletized loads in the case of LCL (Less than Container Load), as a pallet load can be better handled with ground conveyors (q.v.) than individual items.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
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|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Piggy back'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Paper dunnage'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of road vehicles on rail wagons
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Covering the floor. sides and cargo surface with paper dunnage provides protection against dripping sweat.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pocket wagon'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Parasitoses'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with a recessed pocket to accept the axle/wheel assembly of a semi trailer.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These are diseases caused by parasites.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Post Panamax'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Partial pressure difference'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Ship with at least one dimension greater than Panamax.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| In a mixture of gases, each component has a partial pressure. The sum total of all partial pressures is the absolute pressure. The partial pressure difference is the difference between the partial pressures of the gases either side of a gas separation membrane.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Principal'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Particulate air contaminants'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A person for whom another acts as an agent
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Air pollution caused by dust.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Private siding'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Passive behaviour'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Direct rail connection to a company.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Defines the sensitivity of cargo to other cargo and to its environment (e.g. sensitivity to foreign odors).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantinable diseases'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Payload'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (French: quarante - forty): infectious and notifiable diseases that carry a mandatory isolation period (quarantine) for infected parties. Such diseases can be spread as a result of trade and transportation.  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The revenue-producing load carried by means of transport.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantine'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''PCT'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Precaution against contagion and infections:Isolation, (French: quarante - forty) originally lasting forty days, to prevent the introduction of diseases and pests.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>P</b>ower <b>C</b>able <b>T</b>ransmission: Transfer of digital data by means of the high-voltage power table.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantine pests'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Peel discolouration'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (French: quarante - forty) Pests that carry or spread quarantinable diseases (see above), of which can themselves be termed quarantinable diseases.  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Chilling damage in citrus fruit.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation class'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Penetration'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation conditions calculated on the basis of the measured duration of sunshine and solar altitude for 10 day measurement periods.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Penetration of packages occurs as a result of insect activity (holes eaten out by insects).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation level'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Permeation rate'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation level shall mean the corresponding dose rate
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Property of a material which measures the rate at which gases pass through the material as a result of solution diffusion processes.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation protection programme'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Phase change'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation protection programme shall mean systematic arrangements that are aimed at providing adequate consideration of radiation protection measures.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Change to the state of an aggregate as a result of temperatures rising above or below the solidification and melting temperatures, e.g. with oils and fats.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radioactive contents'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''PH value'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radioactive contents shall mean the radioactive material together with any contaminated or activated solids, liquids and gases within the packaging.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Hydrogen ion concentration. This indicates the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radioactive material'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Physiological ripeness'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radioactive material shall mean any material containing radionuclides where both the activity concentration and the total activity in the consignment exceed the values specified in paras 402–407.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Post-climacteric: This is the start of overripeness. The fruits start to decompose, the taste suffers and the fruits can easily be attacked by mold or rot.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rail loading gauge'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Phytosanitary certificate'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The profile through which a rail vehicle and its loads (wagons - ITUs) must pass, taking into account tunnels and track-side obstacles.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Certificate of health under the International Plant Protection Convention.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rancidity'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Picking or industrial ripeness'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Oils and [[fats]] spoil by becoming rancid. This causes changes in odor and taste, which can make [[edible oils]] and fats inedible.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Preclimacteric, the stage of ripeness prior to the ready-to-eat/ripe for consumption stage.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Reach stacker'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Piggy back'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Tractor vehicle with front equipment for lifting, stacking or moving.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of road vehicles on rail wagons.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Recovery'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pileworm/Shipworm'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Capacity of a material or construction to return to its original position (elastic deformation).
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Teredo which destroys wood.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Recrystalization'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pipe clamps'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| If meat is frozen rapidly at low temperatures (e.g. -27°C), small ice crystals are produced. If meat rises to a higher temperatures (e.g. -10°C), the ice crystals grow larger, i.e. they recrystallize. As of a certain size, they can rupture the cell walls of the meat. These "perforated" cell walls lose substantially more cell juices than cell walls which are not damaged. The result is a loss of juice, also known as "drip loss".  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These are used to protect cylindrical goods, to unitize them and to ensure that they can be transported safely. They comprise pairs of squared lumber, [[steel profiles]] or similar materials which are placed above or below the goods and are generally connected to each other with threaded rods at the sides.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Reefer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pitching'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Industry term for a temperature-controlled container. Inside each one is a complex system of coils, wires and electrical fittings, which are managed by a computer that controls everything from the temperature and humidity to ventilation and gas levels, all working to prevent the deterioration of fresh food or other sensitive goods over long distances and periods of time.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Movements of a ship around its transverse axis.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Relative humidity'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Placard'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Relative humidity is derived from the ratio of absolute moisture content to saturation content. Depending on its temperature, air can absorb different quantities of water vapor until it is saturated (100% relative humidity). Absolute humidity (moisture content) is the quantity of water actually present in the air and is measured in grams per cubic meter (g/m<sup>2</sup>). Relative humidity expresses as a percentage the quantity of water vapor the air has at a specific temperature, relative to its saturation content. If, for instance, air at 20°C has an absolute humidity of 12.1 it will have a relative humidity of 70%. If air has reached its saturation content at 20°C, it has absorbed 17.3 g/m<sup>3</sup> of water.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Placards are, in accordance with the dangerous goods stipulations of the IMDG code, adhesive placards that indicate to all parties concerned what type of dangerous goods are being transported. They differ from labels in terms of size, although labels have the same purpose.
 +
Placards of at least 25 x 25 cm must be attached to the outside of the container or vehicle.
 +
Labels of a size of 10 x 10 cm must be attached to each package to be transported.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Residual oil, feedstuffs containing'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pocket wagon'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Pressing residues arising from oil extraction from oil-bearing seeds/ fruit.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with a recessed pocket to accept the axle/wheel assembly of a semi trailer.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiration'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Poikilothermic pests'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Breathing. Even after it has been harvested, fruit undergoes ripening processes. Bananas, for instance, absorb O<sub2</sub> from the ambient atmosphere, convert starch to sugar and release CO<sub>2</sub> ethylene, water vapor and heat. This ripening process is also known as respiration.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: poecil - multicolored; thermos - heat) Cold-blooded pests.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiring heat'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Polymerization'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Heat which is released during respiration.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: poly - many; meros - part) Gelling of oils caused by exposure to heat, in particular in the context of plastics manufacture.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiring goods'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Polyphagic'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Generally goods of vegetable origin, for example fruits, for which ripening or degradation processes are taking pale. These takr air (or gases) from the atmosphere surrounding them and give off SO<sub>2</sub>, water vapor and heat to their environment.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: poly - many) Associated with many food sources.
  
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Polypropylene wrapped Hercules, Hercules cordage'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A particularly strong type of rope: Hercules rope is a combination of fiber and wire rope, the individual strands have a wire core. This construction means that Hercules rope is easier to handle than ordinary wire rope.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Responsible person'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Polyurethane foam'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a person appointed by a shore-side employer who is empowered to take all decisions relating to his/her specific task, having the necessary current knowledge and experience for that purpose, and who, where required, is suitably certificated or otherwise recognized by the regulatory authority;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Used to insulate refrigerated containers. It is also known as construction foam.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Road – rail transport'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Porthole container'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Combined transport by rail and road.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Refrigerated containers without a separate refrigeration unit:
 +
Porthole refrigerated containers, also called insulated or CONAIR containers, do not have their own refrigeration unit. They are thus reliant on an external supply of cold air. This is achieved by refrigeration units of various types, permanently installed on the ship, permanently installed in the terminal or clip-on units for individual containers.
 +
Porthole containers are thermally insulated and have two sealable openings on the end walls (the portholes) through which cold air can be blown into the container and warm air can be extracted. The cold air is forced through the lower opening into the container, then distributed throughout the load via the T-bar floor, and subsequently flows through the load to the top of the container and is extracted through the upper opening.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Road train'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Postclimacteric'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A motor vehicle coupled to a trailer (sometimes referred to in English as a drawbar-trailer combination).
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: post - after; climactericus - turning point, critical time) Physiological ripeness.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''ROLA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Post fermentation'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Roll on - Roll off trains. Similar to a piggyback train but the entire road vehicle, tractor unit and trailer, is driven on and off special rail wagons.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Heat and moisture can cause products such as coffee, cocoa, [[tobacco]] to ferment again, which in turn can make them unfit for consumption.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roll on – roll off (RO-RO)'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Postmortem'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loading and unloading of a road vehicle, a wagon or an ITU on or off a ship on its own wheels or wheels attached to it for that purpose. In the case of rolling road, only road vehicles are driven on and off a train.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: post - after; mors - death) After death.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roll on – roll off (RO-RO)'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Post Panamax'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Roll on - Roll off. Loading and unloading of a road vehicle, a wagon or an ITU on or off a ship on its own wheels or wheels attached to it for that purpose. In the case of rolling road, only road vehicles are driven on and off a train.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Ship with at least one dimension greater than Panamax.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rolling road'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Precarriage'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of complete road vehicles, using roll-on roll-off techniques, on trains comprising low-floor wagons throughout
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The carriage of goods (containers) by any mode of transport from the place of receipt to the port (place) of loading into the ocean vessel (main means of transport).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rolling road wagon'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Preclimacteric'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with low floor throughout which, when coupled together, form a rolling-road
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time) Picking, harvesting, shipping or industrial ripeness.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''RO-RO ramp'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pre-fabricated lashing belts'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A flat or inclined ramp, usually adjustable, which enables road vehicles to be driven onto or off a ship or a rail wagon
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These are ready-made lashing belts with hooks and tensioning elements sewn in.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Safety approval plate '''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Preserved foods'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A plate permanently affixed to every approved container at a readily visible place, adjacent to any other approval plate issued for official purposes, where it cannot be easily damaged. The safety approval plate may be combined together with other official plates but all must show:
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Semi-preserved foodstuffs with limited shelf life.  
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Preserved foodstuffs'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The words "CSC Safety Approval Plate"
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Foodstuffs preserved by sterilization and stored in cans/jars.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Preslung cargo units'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The country of approval and approval reference
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| In order to accelerate unloading, the strops used on loading are left on the cargo units. This then makes slinging unnecessary when discharging the cargo.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pre-Trip Inspection (PTI)'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Date (month and year) of manufacture
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Test to examine correct operation of a refrigerated container. The test should be carried out before transporting refrigerated goods.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Principal'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the manufacturer's identification number
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A person for whom another acts as an agent.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Private siding'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Maximum operating gross mass
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Direct rail connection to a company.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Protection of stored commodities'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Allowable stacking mass for 1.8'''''g'''''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Protection of goods against spoilage by animal pests.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Psychrophillic micro-organisms'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transverse racking test load
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: psychros - cold, philos - love) Micro-organisms that thrive at low temperatures.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Psychrophillic spoilage'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| also known at the CSC Plate
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Spoilage on the surface of meat/fish.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Semi Trailer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Putrefaction'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle. A large proportion of the combined mass of the trailer and its load is supported by a road tractor, by a detachable front axle assembly known as a dolly, or by the tail of another trailer. A semi-trailer is normally equipped with landing gear (legs which can be lowered) to support it when it is uncoupled.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Autolysis due to enzymes within the meat.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Semi-trailer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Pycnometer'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A non-powered vehicle for the carriage of goods, intended to be coupled to a motor vehicle in such a way that a substantial part of its weight and of its load is borne by the motor vehicle. Semi-trailers may have to be specially adapted for use in combined transport.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: pyknos - sealed) Measuring device used to determine the density of liquids.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
|}
  
 +
==Q==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sender'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantinable diseases'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| See Consignor
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (French: quarante - forty): infectious and notifiable diseases that carry a mandatory isolation period (quarantine) for infected parties. Such diseases can be spread as a result of trade and transportation.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ship'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantine'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a seagoing or non-seagoing watercraft, including those used on inland waters:
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Precaution against contagion and infections:Isolation, (French: quarante - forty) originally lasting forty days, to prevent the introduction of diseases and pests.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipment'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Quarantine pests'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Shipment shall mean the specific movement of a consignment from origin to destination.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (French: quarante - forty) Pests that carry or spread quarantinable diseases (see above), of which can themselves be termed quarantinable diseases.
 +
|}
 +
==R==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation class'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation conditions calculated on the basis of the measured duration of sunshine and solar altitude for 10 day measurement periods.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipper'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation level'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| See Consignor
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation level shall mean the corresponding dose rate
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipper'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radiation protection programme'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| any person or organization paying for its cargo to be shipped from one place to another.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radiation protection programme shall mean systematic arrangements that are aimed at providing adequate consideration of radiation protection measures.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Short sea'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radioactive contents'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| maritime route between two or more coastal ports normally undertaken by small coastal ships or barges.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radioactive contents shall mean the radioactive material together with any contaminated or activated solids, liquids and gases within the packaging.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Short sea shipping'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Radioactive material'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Movement of cargo by sea between ports situated in Europe as well as between ports in Europe and ports situated in non-European countries having a coastline on the enclosed seas bordering Europe.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Radioactive material shall mean any material containing radionuclides where both the activity concentration and the total activity in the consignment exceed the values specified in paras 402–407.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shunting'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rail loading gauge'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the operation when single railway wagons or groups of railway wagons are pushed to run against each other and be coupled together;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The profile through which a rail vehicle and its loads (wagons - ITUs) must pass, taking into account tunnels and track-side obstacles.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Skeletal trailer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rancidity'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A skeletal trailer composed of a simple chassis comprising of longitudinal main beams, rolling gear and container support (transverse) beams for the mounting of an intermodal container, sometimes known as a Chassis.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Oils and fats spoil by becoming rancid. This causes changes in odor and taste, which can make edible oils and fats inedible.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Special arrangement'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Reach stacker'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Special arrangement shall mean those provisions, approved by the competent authority, under which consignments that do not satisfy all the applicable requirements of these Regulations may be transported.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Tractor vehicle with front equipment for lifting, stacking or moving.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Special form radioactive material'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Recovery'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Special form radioactive material shall mean either an indispersible solid radioactive material or a sealed capsule containing radioactive material.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Capacity of a material or construction to return to its original position (elastic deformation).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Specific activity'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Recrystalization'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Specific activity of a radionuclide shall mean the activity per unit mass of that nuclide. The specific activity of a material shall mean the activity per unit mass of the material in which the radionuclides are essentially uniformly distributed.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| If meat is frozen rapidly at low temperatures (e.g. -27°C), small ice crystals are produced. If meat rises to a higher temperatures (e.g. -10°C), the ice crystals grow larger, i.e. they recrystallize. As of a certain size, they can rupture the cell walls of the meat. These "perforated" cell walls lose substantially more cell juices than cell walls which are not damaged. The result is a loss of juice, also known as "drip loss".  
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Spine wagon'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Reefer'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with a central chassis designed to carry a semi-trailer
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Industry term for a temperature-controlled container. Inside each one is a complex system of coils, wires and electrical fittings, which are managed by a computer that controls everything from the temperature and humidity to ventilation and gas levels, all working to prevent the deterioration of fresh food or other sensitive goods over long distances and periods of time.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Spreader'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Relative humidity'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Adjustable fitting on lifting equipment designed to connect with the upper corner fittings of an ITU.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Relative humidity is derived from the ratio of absolute moisture content to saturation content. Depending on its temperature, air can absorb different quantities of water vapor until it is saturated (100% relative humidity). Absolute humidity (moisture content) is the quantity of water actually present in the air and is measured in grams per cubic meter (g/m<sup>2</sup>). Relative humidity expresses as a percentage the quantity of water vapor the air has at a specific temperature, relative to its saturation content. If, for instance, air at 20°C has an absolute humidity of 12.1 it will have a relative humidity of 70%. If air has reached its saturation content at 20°C, it has absorbed 17.3 g/m<sup>3</sup> of water.
  
 
+
|- valign="top"
Many spreaders have in addition grappler arms that engage the bottom side rails of an ITU.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Residual oil, feedstuffs containing'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Pressing residues arising from oil extraction from oil-bearing [[seeds]]/ fruit.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stacking'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiration'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Storage or carriage of ITUs on top of each other.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Breathing. Even after it has been harvested, fruit undergoes ripening processes. [[Bananas]], for instance, absorb O<sub>2</sub> from the ambient atmosphere, convert starch to sugar and release CO<sub>2</sub> ethylene, water vapor and heat. This ripening process is also known as respiration.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stowage'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiring heat'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the positioning of packages, IBCs, containers, swap-bodies, tank-containers, vehicles or other CTUs on board ships, in warehouses and sheds or in other areas such as terminals;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Heat which is released during respiration.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Straddle carrier'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Respiring goods'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rubber-tyred overhead lifting vehicle for moving or stacking containers on a level reinforced surface.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Generally goods of vegetable origin, for example fruits, for which ripening or degradation processes are taking pale. These takr air (or gases) from the atmosphere surrounding them and give off SO<sub>2</sub>, water vapor and heat to their environment.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stripping'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Responsible person'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unloading of cargo from an ITU.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a person appointed by a shore-side employer who is empowered to take all decisions relating to his/her specific task, having the necessary current knowledge and experience for that purpose, and who, where required, is suitably certificated or otherwise recognized by the regulatory authority.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stuffing'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Return air temperature'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loading of cargo into an ITU
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Temperature of the air which is drawn off from the refrigerated hold / container. The return air temperature is controlled during refrigeration.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stuffing'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Risk factors'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the act of packing goods within a container or trailer.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Required information on possible risks for the transport, handling and storage processes.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Super high cube container'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Risk of larceny / theft'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Container exceeding ISO dimensions. These dimensions vary and may include, for example, lengths of 45' (13.72 m), 48' (14.64 m), or 53' (16.10 m).
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Risk of the illegal removal or appropriation of goods or objects. A distinction is made between simple larceny (i.e. without the use of force) and compound larceny (i.e. with forced entry by breaking and entering or by copied keys).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Surface contaminated object'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Road – rail transport'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Surface contaminated object (SCO) shall mean a solid object that is not itself radioactive but which has radioactive material distributed on its surface.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Combined transport by rail and road.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Swap body'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Road train'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A freight carrying unit optimised to road vehicle dimensions and fitted with handling devices for transfer between modes, usually road/rail.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A motor vehicle coupled to a trailer (sometimes referred to in English as a drawbar-trailer combination).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Swap-body'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''ROLA'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a CTU not permanently attached to an underframe and wheels or to a chassis and wheels, with at least four twistlock that take into account ISO standard 1161:1984. A swap-body need not be stackable but is usually equipped with support legs, designed especially for combined road-rail transport;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Roll on - Roll off trains. Similar to a piggyback train but the entire road vehicle, tractor unit and trailer, is driven on and off special rail wagons.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tank'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roll angle'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Tank shall mean a portable tank (including a tank container), a road tank vehicle, a rail tank wagon or a receptacle that contains solids, liquids, or gases, having a capacity of not less than 450 L when used for the transport of gases.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Angle at which a ship moves around its longitudinal axis.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tare'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roll on – roll off (RO-RO)'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Weight of ITU or vehicle without cargo
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Roll on - Roll off. Loading and unloading of a road vehicle, a wagon or an ITU on or off a ship on its own wheels or wheels attached to it for that purpose. In the case of rolling road, only road vehicles are driven on and off a train.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tare mass / weight'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rolling road'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The mass of the empty container including permanently affixed ancillary equipment.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of complete road vehicles, using roll-on roll-off techniques, on trains comprising low-floor wagons throughout
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Terminal'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Rolling road wagon'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A place equipped for the transhipment and storage of ITUs.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with low floor throughout which, when coupled together, form a rolling-road.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''TEU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roll oscillation'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit. A standard unit based on an ISO container of 20 feet length (6.10 m), used as a statistical measure of traffic flows or capacities.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Oscillation due to rolling. This is the same given the the movement of a ship around its longitudinal axis.
  
 
+
|- valign="top"
One standard 40' ISO Series I container equals 2 TEUs
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Roof bows'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Steel or aluminum frame construction in conjunction with removable wooden/aluminum gates that hold the tarpaulin of a truck, trailer, semi-trailer or a swap body. This type of open-sided construction is sometimes known as a tarpaulin truck.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Through or into'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''RO-RO ramp'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Through or into shall mean through or into the countries in which a consignment is transported but specifically excludes countries over which a consignment is carried by air, provided that there are no scheduled stops in those countries.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A flat or inclined ramp, usually adjustable, which enables road vehicles to be driven onto or off a ship or a rail wagon.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Track gauge'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''RO-RO ship'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The distance between the internal sides of rails on a railway line. It is generally 1.435 m.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Roll-on/roll-off: Cargo ship on which the mobile cargo can be rolled directly on and off board (by lorry, trailer,etc.) by means of bow, stern and side doors (ramps). In contrast to this, cargo loaded and discharged on other cargo ships by means of their own or external loading tackle (vertical handling).  
 
 
 
 
Other gauges are generally used in some European countries: for instance, 1.676 m in Spain and Portugal, 1.524 m in the Russian Federation.
 
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Trailer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Round turn'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A non-powered vehicle for the carriage of goods, intended to be coupled to a motor vehicle, excluding semi-trailers.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Hawsers, ropes or belts wound around an item. On the one hand as a basis for forming a knot, on the other hand as a method of lashing. Unfortunately, round turn lashing is a widespread "securing method". It is absolutely unsuitable for securing a cargo as the cargo can move "freely" in the loop and no securing effect is thus achieved.
 +
|}
  
 +
==S==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Trailer'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Safe to transport'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| any road vehicle without a motive power unit, and includes semi-trailers, semi-trailers with front axle dollies, full trailers and drawbar trailers.  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cargo is secured appropriately if it is loaded, stowed and secured in such a way that it cannot be damaged by events that can be reasonably expected during carriage.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transhipment'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Safety approval plate '''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Moving ITUs from one means of transport to another.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A plate permanently affixed to every approved container at a readily visible place, adjacent to any other approval plate issued for official purposes, where it cannot be easily damaged. The safety approval plate may be combined together with other official plates but all must show:
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| movement of cargo by one or more modes of transport;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The words "CSC Safety Approval Plate"
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The movement of cargo by one or more modes of transport
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The country of approval and approval reference
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport [[index]]'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport index (TI) assigned to a package, overpack or freight container, or to unpackaged LSA-I or SCO-I, shall mean a number that is used to provide control over radiation exposure.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Date (month and year) of manufacture
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport operator'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The person responsible for the carriage of goods, either directly or using a third party.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the manufacturer's identification number
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Twenty Foot Equivalent unit (teu)'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A standard unit based on an ISO container of twenty feet length (6.10m), used as a statistical measure of traffic flow or capacity.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Maximum operating gross mass
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Twistlock'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Standard mechanism on handling equipment which engages and locks into the corner fittings of ITU; also used on ships and vehicles to fix ITUs.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Allowable stacking mass for 1.8'''''g'''''
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Twistlock'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A twistlock and corner casting together form a standardised rotating connector for securing shipping containers. The primary uses are for locking a container into place on container ship, semi-trailer truck or railway container train; and for lifting of the containers by container cranes and sidelifters.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transverse racking test load
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unaccompanied combined transport'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of a road vehicle or an intermodal transport unit (ITU, see 4.1), not accompanied by the driver, using another mode of transport (for example a ferry or a train).
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| also known at the CSC Plate
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unirradiated thorium'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Salmonellosis'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unirradiated thorium shall mean thorium containing not more than 10<sup>-7 </sup>g of uranium-233 per gram of thorium-232.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Infectious, febrile intestinal and general diseases caused by salmonellae.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unirradiated uranium'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''San-José scale'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unirradiated uranium shall mean uranium containing not more than 2 × 10<sup>3</sup> Bq of plutonium per gram of uranium-235, not more than 9 × 10<sup>6</sup> Bq of fission products per gram of uranium-235 and not more than 5 × 10<sup>–3</sup> g of uranium-236 per gram of uranium-235.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Quarantine pest that attacks stone fruit, pomaceous fruit and berries, as well as decorative woods and structural lumber.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Saturation content'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Depending on its temperature, air can absorb different quantities of water vapor until it is saturated (100% relative humidity).
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unit load'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sealed package'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Palletised load or prepacked unit with a footprint conforming to pallet dimensions and suitable for loading into an ITU
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Packaging impervious to water vapor used to store goods at risk of corrosion. Desiccants are used in sealed packages to maintain an artificial atmosphere with a relative humidity of <40%. No corrosion is possible below this threshold.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unit load'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Secondary infection'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a number of packages that are:
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Contamination caused as a result of microorganisms (durable spores) from previous contaminated loads that are able to attack a subsequent cargo.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Self-heating'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| placed or stacked on and secured by strapping, shrink-wrapping or other suitable means to a load board such as a pallet; or
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Temperature increase within an organic solid without external heat [[input]].
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Semi-finished product (semi)'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| placed in a protective outer enclosure such as a pallet box; or
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Steel products that have already been shaped by hot-rolling or continuous casting processes and which are then subjected to further shaping to produce finished products. These include: Rough-rolled blocks (blooms with round or square cross-sections), slabs, billets, boards and ingots.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Semi-trailer'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| permanently secured together in a sling;
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A non-powered vehicle for the carriage of goods, intended to be coupled to a motor vehicle in such a way that a substantial part of its weight and of its load is borne by the motor vehicle. Semi-trailers may have to be specially adapted for use in combined transport.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unpacking'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sender'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the removal of cargo from CTUs.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| See Consignor
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Vehicle'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Separation'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Vehicle shall mean a road vehicle (including an articulated vehicle, i.e. a tractor and semi-trailer combination), railroad car or railway wagon. Each trailer shall be considered as a separate vehicle.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Chill haze.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Vehicle'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Ship'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a road vehicle or railway freight wagon, permanently attached to an underframe and wheels or to a chassis and wheels, which is loaded and unloaded as a unit. It also includes a trailer or similar mobile unit except those used solely for the purposes of loading and unloading.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a seagoing or non-seagoing watercraft, including those used on inland waters:
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Vessel'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipment'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Vessel shall mean any seagoing vessel or inland waterway craft used for carrying cargo.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Shipment shall mean the specific movement of a consignment from origin to destination.
  
 
|- valign="top"
 
|- valign="top"
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Xerophilous micro organisms'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipper'''
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: xeros - dry, philos - love) Micro organisms that survive at a low relative humidity of (approximately) 75%.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| any person or organization paying for its cargo to be shipped from one place to another.
|}
 
  
==Abbreviations==
+
|- valign="top"
[[#top|back to top]]
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shipping mark'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Part of the marking on packages. The shipping mark comprises:
  
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Identification marks: e.g. initial letters of recipient or shipper
  
{| style="border-spacing:0;"
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAPA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| American Association of Port Authorities
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Identification number: e.g. the recipient;s order number
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAPMA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Australian Association of Port and Maritime Authorities
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Total number of items in the complete consignment
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAR'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Association of American Railroads
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Sequential number of the package in the consignment
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ACEP'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Approved continuous examination programme
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Final destination and port of destination.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ADR'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shock and/or tilt indication'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These indicators area attached to sensitive loads for monitoring purposes. they indicate which specified threshold values had been exceeded either in terms of acceleration or tilt.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AMSA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Short sea'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Australian Marine Safety Authority
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| maritime route between two or more coastal ports normally undertaken by small coastal ships or barges.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ANSI'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Short sea shipping'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| American National Standards Institution
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Movement of cargo by sea between ports situated in Europe as well as between ports in Europe and ports situated in non-European countries having a coastline on the enclosed seas bordering Europe.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ASEAN'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shrinkage in mass'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Association of South East Asian Nations
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loss in volume, for instance with [[leather]] goods as a result of drying out.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shrinkage / shortage'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bureau International des Containers et du Transport Intermodal.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loss in volume, reduction (weight loss) of goods during transport.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIFA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shrink wrapping'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| British International freight Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Shrink wrapping involves enclosing the package contents in shrink film (flat or tubular film), heat sealing any unsealed portions and separating the packages from the film web or covering the package contents with a shrink cover. Depending upon the shape and weight of the package contents, the shrink material used should be PE or plasticized PVC film of a thickness of 0.01 to 0.2 mm, with PE films being particularly suitable for heavy items. The film is heated from the outside in a shrink-wrap oven or with hand-held heat gun, thus releasing the captive tension in the file. Shrink films are produced in either mono-axial (in a single direction) or bi-axial (in two directions) orientation. As the film cools down, it shrinks around the package contents, applying a very low pressure per unit area.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIMCO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sintering'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Baltic and International Maritime Council
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Physical changes in materials caused by high temperatures; applied in particular to metals, ceramics and minerals / rock.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BLU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Shunting'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| CoP for Safe Loading & Unloading of Bulk Carriers
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The operation when single railway wagons or groups of railway wagons are pushed to run against each other and be coupled together.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BP'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sirex wasp (Urocerus gigas L.)'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safety Briefing Pamphlet
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Giant wood wasp. When using packaging made of wood for marine transport to Australia and New Zealand, the appropriate treatment and certification of the wood must be observed.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BSI'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''SKD'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| British Standards Institute
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| SKD (<b>S</b>emi <b>K</b>nocked <b>D</b>own cars). For export to countries which apply high levels of customs duty to luxury goods, [[automobiles]] are shipped in completely knocked down (CKD) or semi/part knocked down (SKD, PKD) form. In this case, the package sizes for the individual components are adapted precisely to the container in which they are transported, which means that the cargo is secured by tight fit.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CCC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Skeletal trailer'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carrier Container Council
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A skeletal trailer composed of a simple chassis comprising of longitudinal main beams, rolling gear and container support (transverse) beams for the mounting of an intermodal container, sometimes known as a Chassis.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CDI-mpc'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Skids'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Chemical Distribution Institute – Marine Packed Cargo
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Skids are sled-like bases used to facilitate ground conveyance of / securing of, for example, heavy machinery and machine parts.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CEFIC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slab'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Council Europeen de I’Industrie Chimique (European Trade Association for Chemicals)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cuboid half-finished steel products that are hot-rolled into sheets at the rolling mill.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CEN'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slim wedges'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Committee for Standardization (Comité Européen de Normalisation)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| See tapered blocks.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CG'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slinging'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Correspondence Group
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Describes the process of attaching slinging equipment (for example, ropes, chains or webbing slings) to a load in order for it to be lifted / transshipped safely using lifting gear, for example, a crane.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CGPM'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slit strip'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Comité International des Poids et Mesures (General Conference on Weights and Measures)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Rolled sheets are produced in relatively wide strips (e.g. >600 mm), also called wide strip, in order to be able to offer narrower strips, the strips are cut to slit strip in a slitting unit.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slot position'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Chemical Industries Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Specified the position of the container on board the ship, for example using the Bay Row Tier system.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIM'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Slot rate'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention concerning the Carriage of Goods by Rail
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Rate used to calculate the cost of renting a slot for transporting a single container on board a ship.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIRIA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Smart Reefer'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| The Construction Industry Research and Information Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A type of refrigerated container (trade name).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CLECAT'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sorption behavior'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Association for Forwarding, Transport, Logistics and Customs Services
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: adsorbere - take up) Absorption or release of water vapor by a hygroscopic cargo until equilibrium is reached.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sorption isotherms'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Container Owners Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Graphical representation of the sorption behavior of a substance at a specified temperature.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COP'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Special arrangement'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Code of Practice
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Special arrangement shall mean those provisions, approved by the competent authority, under which consignments that do not satisfy all the applicable requirements of these Regulations may be transported.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CPC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Special form radioactive material'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Certificate of Professional Competence
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Special form radioactive material shall mean either an indispersible solid radioactive material or a sealed capsule containing radioactive material.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CSC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Specially-shaped stanchions'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Convention for Safe Containers (CSC) 1972
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These are collapsible stanchions that can be inserted and locked in place or unlocked and folded down. Stanchions are suitable for providing tight fitting lateral load securing for many types of load.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CTU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Spine wagon'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cargo Transport Unit
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rail wagon with a central chassis designed to carry a semi-trailer.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DE'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Spontaneous combustion'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Ship Design & Equipment Sub-Committee
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rise in temperature of an organic solid without external heat to a point where the solid ignites spontaneously.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Drafting Group
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Many spreaders have in addition grappler arms that engage the bottom side rails of an ITU.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG MOVE'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Spreader'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Commission’s Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Containers were traditionally handled using four wire ropes and cranes. However, as the opening angle of the wire ropes placed considerable horizontal pressure on the tops of the containers, steel frame constructions (spreaders) were introduced in order to reduce these forces. These spreaders have undergone constant development are are still used on container gantries today.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG VII'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stacking'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Directorate/General VII Transport
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Storage or carriage of ITUs on top of each other.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DIS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stacking load'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Draft International Standard
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The force acting on lower packing units as a result of the units stacked on top of them. Standardized DIN and ISO symbols are used to identify the permitted stacking loads.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DnV'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stalk position'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Det Norske Veritas
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Different positions of [[tobacco]] leaves on the stalk which are harvested at different times.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DOL'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stanchion'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Department of Labour
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Rods or bars on the sides and corners of an open means of transport or container, used to secure the cargo. Removable stanchions are inserted into the stanchion pockets provided.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DSC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stomach poison'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Dangerous Goods Solid Cargoes and Containers Sub-Committee
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Poison which enters the body of the insect on food intake (ingestion). Stomach poisons are usually administered using artificial bait.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''E&T'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Storage climate conditions'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Editorial and Technical Group
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Refers to the specific external conditions (humidity, temperature, ventilation) in which particular products can be stored without risk of a reduction in value or of damage to the products.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECE'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stowage'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic Commission for Europe (UN Agency)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The positioning of packages, IBCs, containers, swap-bodies, tank-containers, vehicles or other CTUs on board ships, in warehouses and sheds or in other areas such as terminals.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECH'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stowage factor'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Empty container handler
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The stowage factor specifies how many cbm or cbf of hold space in a ship will be taken up by a metric tonne, a US ton, or an imperial ton (1.000 kg / 907.18 kg) of cargo taking into account gaps, shape of the hold, number of, tween decks, supports and the use of dunnage.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECOSOC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Straddle carrier'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic and Social Council (UN Agency)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A rubber-tyred overhead lifting vehicle for moving or stacking containers on a level reinforced surface.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EFFA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stretch wrap'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Freight Forwarders' Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Stretch film used to wrap cargo to form bales or to wrap cargo to pallets.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EFIPA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Strip'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Federation of Inland Ports Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| To unpack / unload a container.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EIA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stripping'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Intermodal Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unloading of cargo from an ITU.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Strop'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Slinging equipment from various materials. Strops are slung round the load and attached to the hook of the crane.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stuff'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Shippers' Council
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| To pack or load a container.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESCAP'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Stuffing'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN Agency)
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The act of packing goods within a container or trailer.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESPO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sublimation'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Sea Ports Organization
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transition from the solid to gaseous state without passing through the liquid state.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESPO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Super high cube container'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Sea Ports Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Container exceeding ISO dimensions. These dimensions vary and may include, for example, lengths of 45' (13.72 m), 48' (14.64 m), or 53' (16.10 m).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Surface contaminated object'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Union
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Surface contaminated object (SCO) shall mean a solid object that is not itself radioactive but which has radioactive material distributed on its surface.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAL'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Swap body'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Facilitation Committee
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A freight carrying unit optimised to road vehicle dimensions and fitted with handling devices for transfer between modes, usually road/rail.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAT'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Sweat class'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Fully automated twistlock
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Classification of sweat water according to intensity. Grades range from 0 (no sweat water) through to 9 (greatest formation of sweat water). The classification is made by observing the volume of water produced by m2 surface, thus how many grams of sweat water appear for each square meter for each of the grades.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FCL'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Swellability'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Full container load
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Increase in volume of solid substances, particularly hygroscopic substances, (paper, natural fibers) as a result of exposure to moisture.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FDIS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Syneresis'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Final Draft International Standard
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Congregation of molecules, leads to "sweating" in cereals.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FEPORT'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Syrup formation'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Federation of European Private Port Operators
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Formation of viscous liquids as a result of humidity and warmth, for example, in dried fruits.
 +
|}
  
|-
+
==T==
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FEU'''
+
[[#top|back to top]]
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Forty-foot Equivalent Unit
+
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tank'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Tank shall mean a portable tank (including a tank container), a road tank vehicle, a rail tank wagon or a receptacle that contains solids, liquids, or gases, having a capacity of not less than 450 L when used for the transport of gases.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIATA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tank container'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A large container essentially comprising an ISO frame in which liquid containers are mounted. They must meet special requirements with respect to pressure-resitance as a result of the pressures they have to withstand. For this reason, the actual containers are generally cylindrical or sperical in form. Several containers can be mounted either horizontally or vertically in a single frame. Only specific containers must be used for foodstuffs and must be marked "Potable liquids only". Tank containers for hazardous goods must meet the requirements of the IMDG code. Half-height tank containers serve to carry high-density liquids which cannot be carried in normal tank containers because they cannot be filled to a high enough level and are therefore subject to surging.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tapered blocks'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| These are wedges cut at a narrow angle to allow small gaps between items of cargo to be braced. They are also referred to as slim wedges or driving wedges.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIATA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tare'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Weight of ITU or vehicle without cargo
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FMCSA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tare mass / weight'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The mass of the empty container including permanently affixed ancillary equipment.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FTA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''TBU'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Freight Transport Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>T</b>ransformer <b>B</b>ypass <b>U</b>nit: Component of a remote refrigerated container monitoring system with data transfer via the power cable. A TBU allows a transformer to be bridged, that would otherwise not let the data signal pass.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GSF'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Telescope carton'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Global Shippers' Forum
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The top of telescope cartons is fabricated as a separate part and overlaps all four sides of the carton (e.g. banana boxes).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''HNS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Temperature-controlled transport'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transportation during which the optimum temperature for chilled and frozen product is maintained.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''HSE'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Temperature/dew point difference'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Health and Safety Executive
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The difference between the temperature of the goods and the dew point temperature of the air surroundings of the goods.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IACS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Temperature gradient'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Association of Classification Societies
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Differences in temperature within a spatial distance.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IAEA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Terminal'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Atomic Energy Authority
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A place equipped for the transhipment and storage of ITUs.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IAPH'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''TEU'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Association of Ports and Harbours
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit. A standard unit based on an ISO container of 20 feet length (6.10 m), used as a statistical measure of traffic flows or capacities.
  
|-
+
One standard 40' ISO Series I container equals 2 TEUs
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IATA'''
 
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Air Transport Association
 
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IBC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Textured coated board'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Intermediate Bulk Container
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Plywood board with a phenolic laminate backing to enhance durability. The laminate is textured with a screen-printing process.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IBTA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Theoretical density'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Bulk Terminals Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Pure solid lumber without cavities.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICAO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Thermophilic microorganisms'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Civil Aviation Organisation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: thermos - heat, philos - love) Microorganisms that thrive on heat.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Thigmotaxis'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Chamber of Commerce
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: thigma - [[contact]], touch; taxis - arrangement, sequentce) Stimulus by touch.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICGB'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Through or into'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Cargo Gear Bureau, Inc.
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Through or into shall mean through or into the countries in which a consignment is transported but specifically excludes countries over which a consignment is carried by air, provided that there are no scheduled stops in those countries.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tier'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Layer in a container that is numbered from bottom to top.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICHCA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tight fit'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| ICHCA International Limited
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A method of securing the load by direct or indirect physical contact with load-bearing components of the means of transport or the transport container.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''TLV'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Chamber of Shipping
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>T</b>reshold <b>L</b>imit <b>V</b>alue(referring to harmful substances in the workplace)
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tower units'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Freight Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Cooling equipment for supplying of cool air to porthole containers in terminals.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFCOR'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Toxic'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Intermodal Freight Container Reporting Organisation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: toxikon - poison). Poisonous.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFPTA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Toxicity'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Forest Products Transport Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: toxicon - poison). The degree to which a substance is poisonous.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IHMA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Track gauge'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Harbour Masters Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The distance between the internal sides of rails on a railway line. It is generally 1.435 m.
  
|-
 
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IICL'''
 
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Institute of International Container Lessors
 
  
|-
+
Other gauges are generally used in some European countries: for instance, 1.676 m in Spain and Portugal, 1.524 m in the Russian Federation.
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IIMS'''
 
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Institute of Marine Surveyors
 
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IISPCG'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Trade imbalance'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Inter Industry Shipping & Ports [[Contact]] Group
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Discrepancy between the amount a country imports and the amount it exports.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Trailer'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Longshoremen’s Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A non-powered vehicle for the carriage of goods, intended to be coupled to a motor vehicle, excluding semi-trailers.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transhipment'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Labour Organisation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Moving ITUs from one means of transport to another.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILWU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transpiration losses'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Evaporation losses in vegetable products as a result of respiration (transpiration).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMDG'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Maritime Dangerous Goods
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| movement of cargo by one or more modes of transport;
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMMTA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport [[index]]'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International MultiModal Transport Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport index (TI) assigned to a package, overpack or freight container, or to unpackaged LSA-I or SCO-I, shall mean a number that is used to provide control over radiation exposure.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport operator'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Maritime Organisation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The person responsible for the carriage of goods, either directly or using a third party.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IOSH'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport-related acceleration forces'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Negative and positive accelerations are dynamic, mechanical stresses which occur in two main types during the transportation of goods.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IRU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Road Transport Union
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| regular acceleration forces and
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Organization for Standardization
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| irregular acceleration forces
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"|  
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Standards Organisation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Regular acceleration forces primarily occur in maritime transport. Acceleration of up to one g (g= 9.81 m/s<sup>2</sup>) and, in extreme cases, even more, may occur due to rolling and pitching in rough seas. Such regular acceleration forces have an impact on the effort involved in load securing.
 +
Irregular acceleration forces occur during cornering or when a train passes over switches, during braking, starting up, hoisting and lowering. Such acceleration forces are not generally repeated, but they may occur several times at varying intensities during transport. These are the typical stresses of land transport and transport, handling and storage operations.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISP'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport-related properties of products'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Safety Panel of ICHCA
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Product properties required for transport, handling and storage processes.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISPS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Transport temperatures'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Shipping & Ports Security Code
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Loading, travel and pulp temperatures / Optimum storage temperatures of a product.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISTDG'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Tray'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Symposium on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Sea and Inland Waterways
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Trays are preformed containers made from plastic to take individual fruits that are particularly sensitive to pressure.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITCO'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Trichinosis'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Tank Container Owners Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Human disease caused by triciniellae (trichinella spiralis). Household pets, for example may be secondary hosts. Meat inspections are statutory preventive measures.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITF'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Turgor'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Transport Workers’ Federation
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: turgescere - to swell). Inner pressure, distension of cells.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITF'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Turnbuckle'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Transport Forum
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Tightening elements made up for two threaded rods, a threaded barrels and a lever, usually in the form of a ratchet. Turnbuckles are the preferred tensioning method when securing loads with chains.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IUMI'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Turner'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Union of Marine Insurers
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Banana that is becoming ripe to eat.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LCL'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Twenty Foot Equivalent unit (teu)'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Less than a container load
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A standard unit based on an ISO container of twenty feet length (6.10m), used as a statistical measure of traffic flow or capacity.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MAIIF'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Twistlock'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Marine Accident Investigators' International Forum
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A twistlock and corner casting together form a standardised rotating connector for securing shipping containers. The primary uses are for locking a container into place on container ship, semi-trailer truck or railway container train; and for lifting of the containers by container cranes and sidelifters.
 +
|}
  
|-
+
==U==
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MARPOL / MARPOL 73/78'''
+
[[#top|back to top]]
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978
+
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unaccompanied combined transport'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Transport of a road vehicle or an intermodal transport unit (ITU, see 4.1), not accompanied by the driver, using another mode of transport (for example a ferry or a train).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MCA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unirradiated thorium'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maritime and Coastguard Agency
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unirradiated thorium shall mean thorium containing not more than 10<sup>-7 </sup>g of uranium-233 per gram of thorium-232.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MEPC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unirradiated uranium'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Marine Environment Protection Committee
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unirradiated uranium shall mean uranium containing not more than 2 × 10<sup>3</sup> Bq of plutonium per gram of uranium-235, not more than 9 × 10<sup>6</sup> Bq of fission products per gram of uranium-235 and not more than 5 × 10<sup>–3</sup> g of uranium-236 per gram of uranium-235.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MOU'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unit loads'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Memorandum of Understanding
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Unit loads are parts of a shipment that can be treated as a single unit during cargo handling and transportation. The size of dimensions of the unit load can vary according to requirements and to the means of transport and packaging container available. To optimize the cargo handling, transport and storage processes, standardization of unit loads is desirable. The most common unit loads are pallets and components with bases that resemble pallets, such as pallet boxes, IBC's, etc. the most important properties of a unit load are that is can be loaded to ensure a tight fit, its modularity and its stability, the last of which ensures that is can be stowed safely and will not be damaged by load securing measures.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MSC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unitization'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maritime Safety Committee
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Grouping together of items for transport into transport units (e.g. in containers or on pallets).
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NGB '''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Unpacking'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Cargo Bureau Inc
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| the removal of cargo from CTUs.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NI'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Upper temperature limit'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Nautical Institute
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Temperatures above this limit lead to quality degradation.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NMSA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Upright blocking'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Maritime Safety Association
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| In the context of load securing, upright blocking is understood to be wooden elements inserted vertically in order to take up and transfer loads.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NPC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''USDA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Ports Council
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| <b>U</b>nited <b>S</b>tates <b>D</b>epartment of <b>A</b>griculture; U.S. governmental department responsible for the regulations concerning the import of foodstuffs.
 +
|}
  
|-
+
==V==
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NSC'''
+
[[#top|back to top]]
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Safety Council
+
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''VCI (Volatile Corrosion Inhibotir) method'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| A method used to inhibit corrosion.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Vehicle'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Owning Common Carrier
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| a road vehicle or railway freight wagon, permanently attached to an underframe and wheels or to a chassis and wheels, which is loaded and unloaded as a unit. It also includes a trailer or similar mobile unit except those used solely for the purposes of loading and unloading.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Vessel'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Owning Cargo Consolidators
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Vessel shall mean any seagoing vessel or inland waterway craft used for carrying cargo.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Viscosity'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier / Container Carrier
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Latin: viscum - tenacity) Degree of resistance to flow in a fluid or semi-fluid for gas, caused by internal friction.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OCIMF'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''volume-to-payload ratio'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Oil Companies International Marine Forum
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The volume-to-payload ratio of a means of transport specifies the volume per unit weight payload. In the metric system, it is usual to specify the ratios in cubic meters per metric ton (m3/t). In English-speaking countries, it is usual to use cubic feet per ton(cu.ft./t).
 +
|}
  
|-
+
==W==
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OSHA'''
+
[[#top|back to top]]
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Occupational Safety and Health Administration
+
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Walking board'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Plywood board, generally around 2 cm thick, often used for load securing and for interlayer dunnage or top dunnage.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OSHA'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Water content'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Occupational Safety and Health Agency
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| The percentage of total mass of a substance that is constituted by water.
  
|-
+
|- valign="top"
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PAS'''
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Water content class'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Publicly Available Specification
+
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Classification of goods in accordance with their water content.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Water vapor release'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Adsorption.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Waviness'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Damage as a result of moisture affecting for instance paper plies, veneered board.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Wide band'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Frequency band for data transfer vie the power cable. the frequencies used for wide band range from 140 kHz to 400 kHz.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Wireless LAN'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Wireless Local Area Network; a wireless (radio) network used for transferring data; is also used in offices.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Wire rod coil'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Steel product in rod wire rolling mills with varying cross-sections. German standards refer to wire rod as a product that can be wound immediately into coils from the rolling mill whilst still hot.
 +
Coils of wire rod. Depending on the nature of the goods and any intended subsequent processing these coils are corrosion-sensitive and sensitive to mechanical damage, for example, kinks forming in the wire. The length of the winding axis is a critical factor in determining the way they are stowed.
 +
 
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Wood treatment certificate'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| Certificate of treatment against insect infestation.
 +
|}
 +
==X==
 +
[[#top|back to top]]
 +
{|
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| '''Xerophilous micro organisms'''
 +
| style="border-bottom:solid 1px #ddd;;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.191cm;padding-right:0.191cm;"| (Greek: xeros - dry, philos - love) Micro organisms that survive at a low relative humidity of (approximately) 75%.<br><br><br>
 +
|}
  
|-
+
==Abbreviations==
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PDG'''
+
[[#top|back to top]]
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Packaged Dangerous Goods
 
  
 +
{|
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PDP'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port workers Development Programme
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Always Afloat
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PEMA'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAPA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port Equipment Manufacturers Association
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| American Association of Port Authorities
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RHA'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAPMA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Road Haulage Association
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Australian Association of Port and Maritime Authorities
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RID'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAR'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Association of American Railroads
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RP'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AAR'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Research Paper
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Against All Risks (insurance clause)
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SATLs'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ACEP'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Semi Automatic Twistlocks
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Approved continuous examination programme
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SC'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ADR'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Sub Committee
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SIGTTO'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AEI'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Society for International Gas Tanker & Terminal Operations Limited
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Automatic electronic identification
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SOLAS'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AI'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| All inclusive
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SOLAS /SOLAS 74'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AID'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safety of Life at Sea (Convention, 1974)
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Agency for International Development
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SPI'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AIS'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Ship Port Interface
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Automated Identification System
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SWL'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AMSA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safe Working Load
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Australian Marine Safety Authority
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TC104'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ANSI'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Standards Organization Technical Committee 104 –freight containers
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| American National Standards Institution
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TEU'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AQI'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Agriculture Quarantaine Inspection
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TIR'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ASEAN'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transport Internationaux Routiers System
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Association of South East Asian Nations
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TOA'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ATA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Technical and Operational Advice document
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| American Trucking Association
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TREMCARD'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ATDNSHINC'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transport Emergency Card issued by CEFIC (Intended to comply with the “instructions in writing” requirements in certain road transport regulations, eg: ADR)
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Any Time Day or Night Sundays & Holidays Included
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TT Club'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''AWWL'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Through Trading Mutual Insurance Association Limited
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Always within Institute Warranties Limits
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UIC'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BAF'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Union Internationale de Chemins de Fers
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bunker Adjustment Factor
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UIRR'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''B/L'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Union Internationale des Societes de Transport Combine Rail-Route
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bill of Lading
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UN'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BB'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bare Boat
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UN ECE'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BBL'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Barrel
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UNEP'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIC'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations Environment Programme
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bureau International des Containers et du Transport Intermodal.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UNISTOCK'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIFA'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Federation of Silo Operators
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| British International freight Association
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''USCG'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIMCO'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United States Coastguard
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Baltic and International Maritime Council
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UTITI'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BIs'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| University of Toledo Intermodal Transportation Institute
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Bales
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VTL'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BLU'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Vertical Tandem Lifting
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| CoP for Safe Loading & Unloading of Bulk Carriers
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WCO'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BP'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Customs Organisation
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safety Briefing Pamphlet
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WG'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''BSI'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Working Group
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| British Standards Institute
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''C&F'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost and Freight
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CAD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cash Against Documents
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CAF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost, Assurance and Freight
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CAF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost, Adjustment Factor
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CBM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cubic Metre
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carrier Container Council
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Customs Convention for Containers (1972)
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WHO'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CCNR'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Health Organization
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WMU'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CDI-mpc'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Maritime University
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Chemical Distribution Institute – Marine Packed Cargo
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WP.15'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CEFIC'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| UN ECE Working Party on the Transport of Dangerous goods (deals with ADR)
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Conseil Européen des Federations de l'Industrie Chimique (European Trade Association for Chemicals)
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WP.24'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CEN'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| UN ECE Working Party on Intermodal Transport and Logistics
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Committee for Standardization (Comité Européen de Normalisation)
  
 
|-
 
|-
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WSC'''
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CFR'''
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Shipping Council
+
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost and Freight
  
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CFS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Container Freight Station
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Correspondence Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CGPM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Comité International des Poids et Mesures (General Conference on Weights and Measures)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost and Insurance
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Chemical Industries Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost, Insurance and Freight
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIF&C'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Price includes commission as well as CIF
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIF&E'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost, Insurance, Freight, Interest and Exchange
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIFCI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cost, Insurance, Freight, Collection and Interest
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention concerning the Carriage of Goods by Rail
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carriage and Insurance Paid
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CIRIA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| The Construction Industry Research and Information Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carload" of Container load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CLECAT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Association for Forwarding, Transport, Logistics and Customs Services
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cubic Meter
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CMPH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Gross Crane Moves per hour
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CMR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Container Owners Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Collect on Delivery
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COfG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Centre of Gravity
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COGSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Code of Practice
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''COU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Clip on Unit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CPC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Certificate of Professional Competence
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CPD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carnet de Passage en Douane
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CPT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Carriage Paid To.
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Convention for Safe Containers (CSC) 1972
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CSI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Container Security Initiative
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''C-TPAT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CTU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cargo Transport Unit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CWO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Cash with Order
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CWT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Deadweight Tonnage
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''CY'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Container Yard
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''D&H'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Dangerous and Hazardous cargo
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''D/A'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Documents against Acceptance
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''D/P'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Document against Payment
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DDC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Destination Delivery Charge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DDP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Delivery Duty Paid
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DDU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Delivery Duty Unpaid
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Ship Design & Equipment Sub-Committee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DEQ'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Delivery Ex Quay
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DES'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Delivered Ex Ship
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Drafting Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG MOVE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Commission’s Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DG VII'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Directorate/General VII Transport
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DIS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Draft International Standard
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DIT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Destination Interchange Terminal
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DnV'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Det Norske Veritas
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DOL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Department of Labour
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DOT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| U.S. Department of Transportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''DSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Dangerous Goods Solid Cargoes and Containers Sub-Committee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''E&T'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Editorial and Technical Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic Commission for Europe (UN Agency)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Empty container handler
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECMC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| U.S. Exporters Competitive Maritime Council
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ECOSOC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic and Social Council (UN Agency)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EDI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Electronic Data Interchange
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EFFA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Freight Forwarders' Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EFIPA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Federation of Inland Ports Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EFT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Electronic Funds Transfer
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EIA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Intermodal Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EIR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Equipment Interchange Receipt
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EMSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Matritime Safety Agency
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Shippers' Council
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESCAP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN Agency)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESPO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Sea Ports Organization
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ESPO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Sea Ports Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ETA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Estimated Time of Arrival
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ETD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Estimated Time of Departure
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ETS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Estimated Time of Sailing
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Union
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EVA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Economic Value Added
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EWIB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Eastern Weighing and Inspection Bureau
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''EXW'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Ex-works
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Fuel Adjustment Factor, see also BAF
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAK'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Freight All Kinds
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Facilitation Committee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free Alongside Ship
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FAT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Fully automated twistlock
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FCA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free Carrier
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Flexitank / Container Combination
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FCL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Full Container Load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free Discharge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FDA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Food and Drug Administration
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FDIS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Final Draft International Standard
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FEPORT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Federation of European Private Port Operators
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FEU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Forty-foot Equivalent Unit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIATA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIATA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIFO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free In - Free Out (see FIO)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FIO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free In and Out
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FMC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free Maritime Commissions
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FMCSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free Out
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FOB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free On Board
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FOR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free On Rail
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FPA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Free of Particular Average
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FPPI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Foreign Principal Party of Interest
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''FTA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Freight Transport Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GATT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GBL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Government Bill of Lading
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GMPH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Gross Moves per Hour
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GOH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Garment on Hanger
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| General Purpose
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GRI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| General Rate Increase
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GSF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Global Shippers' Forum
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Gross Tonnage
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''GVW'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Gross Vehicle Weight
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''HNS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''HSE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Health and Safety Executive
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IACS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Association of Classification Societies
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IAEA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Atomic Energy Authority
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IAPH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Association of Ports and Harbours
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IATA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Air Transport Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IBC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Intermediate Bulk Container
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IBTA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Bulk Terminals Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICAO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Civil Aviation Organisation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Chamber of Commerce
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Interstate Commerce Commission (US)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICGB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Cargo Gear Bureau, Inc.
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICHCA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| ICHCA International Limited
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ICS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Chamber of Shipping
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Immediate Exit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Freight Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFCOR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Intermodal Freight Container Reporting Organisation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Inward Foreign Manifest
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IFPTA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Forest Products Transport Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IHMA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Harbour Masters Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IICL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Institute of International Container Lessors
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IIMS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Institute of Marine Surveyors
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IISPCG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Inter Industry Shipping & Ports Contact Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Longshoremen’s Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Labour Organisation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ILWU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Intermodal Marketing Company
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMCO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Maritime Control Organisation. See IMO
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMDG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Maritime Dangerous Goods
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMMTA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International MultiModal Transport Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IMO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Maritime Organisation. Formally IMCO
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IOSH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IPI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Inland Point Intermodal
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IRU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Road Transport Union
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Information System Agreement
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Organization for Standardization
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Standards Organisation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Safety Panel of ICHCA
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISPS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Shipping & Ports Security Code
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ISTDG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Symposium on the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Sea and Inland Waterways
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITCO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Tank Container Owners Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITIGG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Transport Implementation Guidelines Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Transport Workers’ Federation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ITF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Transport Forum
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''IUMI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Union of Marine Insurers
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''KD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Knocked Down
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''KT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Kilo tonne
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''L/C'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Letter of Credit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LASH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Lighter Aboard Ship
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LBS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Pounds (mass)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Letter of Credit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LCL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Less than a container load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LIFO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Last In First Out
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LNG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Liquefied natural Gas
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LOLO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Lift On Lift Off
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Lloyds Registry
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Long Ton
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''LTL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Less than Trailer Load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MAIIF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Marine Accident Investigators' International Forum
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MARPOL / MARPOL 73/78'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MCA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maritime and Coastguard Agency (UK)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MEPC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Marine Environment Protection Committee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MGM'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maximum Gross Mass
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MLB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Mini Land Bridge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MOU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Memorandum of Understanding
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maritime Security Act
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maritime Safety Committee (IMO)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MSL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maximum Securing Load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MSSIS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Maximum Security and Safety Information System
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Metric Ton
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MTSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| US Maritime Transportation Security Act 2002
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''MTO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Multimodal Transport Operator
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NCB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Cargo Bureau Inc
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NCITB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Committee on International Trade Documentation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NEC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Not Elsewhere Classified
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NES'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Not Elsewhere Specified
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Nautical Institute
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NMFC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Motor Freight Classification
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NMPH'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Net Moves per Hour
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NMSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Maritime Safety Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NOR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Notice of Readiness (when the ship is ready to load.)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NOS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Not Otherwise Specified
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NPC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Ports Council
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| National Safety Council
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Net Tonnage
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Owning Common Carrier
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Owning Cargo Consolidators
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''NVOCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier / Container Carrier
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''O/N'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Order-Notify
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OBL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Original Bill of Lading
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OCIMF'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Oil Companies International Marine Forum
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OCP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Overland Common Port
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OECD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OGMSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Office of Global Maritime Situational Awareness
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OMT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Origin Motor Terminal
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OOG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Out of Gauge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OS&D'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Over, Short or Damaged
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OSHA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Occupational Safety and Health Administration
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''OSHA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Occupational Safety and Health Agency
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''P&I'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Protection and Indemnity
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PADAG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Please Authorize Delivery Against Guarantee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PAS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Publicly Available Specification
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PDG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Packaged Dangerous Goods
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PDP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port workers Development Programme
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PEMA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port Equipment Manufacturers Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''POD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port of Discharge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''POD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port of Destination
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''POD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Proof of Delivery
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''POL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port of Loading
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''POL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PPI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Principal Party of Interest (see USPPI and FPPI)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PSGP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port Security Grant Program
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PTI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Pre-Trip Inspection
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''PTSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Port & Terminal Service Charge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RFP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Request for Proposal
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RFQ'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Request for Quotation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RHA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Road Haulage Association
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RID'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ROLA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Roll on Roll off Trains
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RO-RO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Roll on Roll Off
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Research Paper
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''RT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Revenue Ton
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SATLs'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Semi Automatic Twistlocks
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Sub Committee
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SCAC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Standard Carrier Abbreviation Code
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SED'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Shipper's Export Declaration
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SFI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Secure Freight Initiative
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SHEX'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Saturdays and Holidays Excluded
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SHINC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Saturdays and Holidays Included
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SIC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Standard Industrial Classification
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SIGTTO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Society for International Gas Tanker & Terminal Operations Limited
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SITC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Standard International Trade Classification
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SKU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Stock Keeping Unit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SL&C'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Shipper's Load & Count
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SL/W'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Shipper's Load and Count
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SOLAS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SOLAS /SOLAS 74'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safety of Life at Sea (Convention, 1974)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SSHEX'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays Excepted
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SPI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Ship Port Interface
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ST'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Short Ton
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''STB'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Surface Transportation Board
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''STC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Said to Contain
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''STCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Standard Transportation Commodity Code
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''STW'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Said to weigh
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SWIFT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''SWL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Safe Working Load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''T&E'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transportation and Exportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''T&E'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transportation and Exit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TBN'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| To Be Nominated (when the name of a ship is still unknown)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TC104'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| International Standards Organization Technical Committee 104 –freight containers
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TEU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''THC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Terminal Handling Charge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TIR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transport Internationaux Routiers System
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Trailer Load
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TOA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Technical and Operational Advice document
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TOFC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Trailer on Flat Car Rail
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TOS'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Terms of Sale (i.e. FOB/CIF/FAS)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TRC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Terminal Receiving Charge
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TREMCARD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transport Emergency Card issued by CEFIC
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TSR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Top Side Rail
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TT Club'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Through Trading Mutual Insurance Association Limited
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''TWIC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Transportation Worker Identification Credential
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UCP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UFC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Uniform Freight Classification
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UIC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Union Internationale de Chemins de Fers
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UIRR'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Union Internationale des Societes de Transport Combine Rail-Route
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''ULCC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Unit Large Crude Carrier
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UN'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UN ECE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UNCTAD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations Commission for Trade and Development
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UNEP'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United Nations Environment Programme
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UNISTOCK'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| European Federation of Silo Operators
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UPC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Universal Product Code
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''USCG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United States Coastguard
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''USPPI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| United States Principal Party of Interest
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''UTITI'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| University of Toledo Intermodal Transportation Institute
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VISA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Voluntary Intermodal Seallift Agreement
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VLFO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Vessel Load Free Out
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VSA'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Vessel Sharing Agreement
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VSIE'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Vessel Supplies for Immediate Exportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''VTL'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Vertical Tandem Lifting
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''W/B'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Waybill
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''W/M'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Weight of Measurement
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WCO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Customs Organisation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WDEX'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Warehouse Withdrawal for Transportation Immediate Exportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WDT'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Warehouse Withdrawal for Transportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WDT&E'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Warehouse Withdrawal for Transportation and Exportation
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WG'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Working Group
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WHO'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Health Organization
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WIBON'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Whether In Berth of Not
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WMU'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Maritime University
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WP.15'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| UN ECE Working Party on the Transport of Dangerous goods (deals with ADR)
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WP.24'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| UN ECE Working Party on Intermodal Transport and Logistics
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WSC'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| World Shipping Council
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''WWD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Weather Working Days
 +
 +
|-
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| '''YTD'''
 +
| style="border:none;padding-top:0cm;padding-bottom:0cm;padding-left:0.049cm;padding-right:0.049cm;"| Years to date
 +
 
|}
 
|}

Latest revision as of 21:04, 1 January 2017

Circle-terms.png Go directly to: Abbreviations or A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Terms

A

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A1 and A2 A1 shall mean the activity value of special form radioactive material that is listed in Table 2 or derived in Section IV and is used to determine the activity limits for the requirements of these Regulations. A2 shall mean the activity value of radioactive material, other than special form radioactive material, that is listed in Table 2 or derived in Section IV and is used to determine the activity limits for the requirements of these Regulations.
Absorption

Refers to the taking up of gases of vapors by liquids and/or solids where the gas or vapor fully penetrates the liquid of solid (adsorption is limited to the surface)

Acceleration of shipment

Negative and positive accelerations are dynamic, mechanical stresses which occur in two main types during the transportation of goods:

  • regular acceleration forces and
  • irregular acceleration forces

Regular acceleration forces primarily occur in maritime transport. Acceleration of up to one g (g=9.81[m/s2])and, in extreme cases, even more, may occur due to rolling and pitching in rough seas. Such regular acceleration forces have an impact on the effort involved in load securing.
Irregular acceleration forces occur during cornering or when a train passes over switches, during braking, starting up, hoisting and lowering. Such acceleration forces are not generally repeated, but they may occur several times at varying intensities during transport. These are the typical stresses of land transport and transport, handling and storage operations.

Accompanied combined transport Transport of a complete road vehicle, accompanied by the driver, using another mode of transport (for example ferry or train).
Acid value The acid value specifies how many milligrams of potassium hydroxide (KOH) are necessary to neutralize the free Fatty Acids in a single gram of fat.
Across the grain The cross-section that is the result of cutting a tree trunk perpendicular to its length. (As opposed to "with the grain").
Active behavior Applies to goods that have an active influence on other goods and their environment.
Actual carrier A third party who performs the carriage completely or partly.
Additives Substances added to other substances in order to modify their properties in a particular manner or to improve processing.
Adsorption The uptake of gases, vapor or dissolved substances (this is limited to the surface of solid objects).
Adsorption delay Delayed take up of water vapor by the cargo. In the Container Handbook, this refers exclusively to water vapor and describes the fact that during the day the water vapor is given off by the cargo to the air in the container (desorption) faster than the cooling of the container air is introduces water vapor to the cargo (adsorption). The water vapor condenses on the walls of the container thus leading to damage.
Adsorption isotherms As used in the Container Handbook: Graphical representation of the uptake of water vapor by a substance at a specified temperature. For product information purposes, the sorption isotherms are usually taken for a temperature of 20˚C.
Aerobe (Greek: aer - air) Microorganisms that require atmospheric oxygen.
Aerobic respiration (Greek: aer - air) Metabolic process of goods of vegetable origin, during which glucose and atmospheric oxygen are consumed by respiration processes to form carbon dioxide, water vapor and heat.
Aflatoxins Short form of Aspergillus - flavus - toxin. A mycotoxin (mold toxin) that is produced by the fungus Aspergillus - flavus among others.
A-frame Frame shaped like the letter "A" used to transport sheet loads, similar to the type of frame used when transporting panes of glass.
Agglomeration Lump formation.
Airbag Airbags can be positioned in the gaps between the cargo in order to achieve a tight fit during loading.
Air container Container conforming to standards laid down for air transportation
Aircraft Passenger aircraft shall mean an aircraft that carries any person other than a crew member, a carrier’s employee in an official capacity, an authorized representative of an appropriate national authority, or a person accompanying a consignment or other cargo.
Aircraft Cargo Aircraft shall mean any aircraft, other than a passenger aircraft, that is carrying goods or property.
Allelopathy (Greek: allelon - mutual; pathe - influence) The mutual influence of goods of vegetable origin when stored together, caused as a result of gaseous metabolic products, for example, ethylene of carbon dioxide.
American Rust Standards Used to classify corrosion damage. The American Rust Standard is recognized worldwide and widely used. It is often used in reports produced by surveyors.
Amorphous Without shape, without a fixed form.
Anaerobe (Greek: an - without, and aer - air) A microorganism that survives without atmospheric oxygen.
Anaerobic respiration (Greek: an - without, and aer - air) Occurs with goods of vegetable origin if the permitted carbon dioxide content is exceeded.
Animal diseases Animal diseases are diseases which are caused by bacteria, viruses, protozoa or fungi and may be transmitted to animals and humans.
Animal goods Goods of animal origin.
Anthrax Notifiable febrile disease caused by the anthrax bacillus.
Anthropogenic influence Influence caused by human activity.
Apparent density Density of lumber including hollow space.
Approval Multilateral approval shall mean approval by the relevant competent authority of the country of origin of the design or shipment, as applicable, and also, where the consignment is to be transported through or into any other country, approval by the competent authority of that country.
Unilateral approval shall mean an approval of a design that is required to be given by the competent authority of the country of origin of the design only.
Arrhenius equation An equation describing the dependency of reaction speed on temperature. A simplified rule of thumb for transportation purposes is that when the temperature is lowered by 10˚C, degradation processes are reduced to between half and a third, i.e. the storage life can be doubled or even trebled by lowering the temperature by 10˚C.
Articulated trailer A motor vehicle coupled to a semi-trailer.
Articulated train / double train An articulated train is a combination of an articulated truck and one or more trailers, i.e. truck tractor plus semitrailer plus trailer. German road traffic licensing regulations (StVZO) forbids combinations of this type. Section 32a stated explicitly that no trailers are to be towed behind articulated trucks.
Articulated truck An articulated truck is a combination of a truck tractor and a semitrailer.
Articulated vehicle means any motor vehicle with a trailer having no front axle and so attached that part of the trailer is superimposed upon the motor vehicle and a substantial part of the mass of the trailer and its load is borne by the motor vehicle. Such a trailer shall be called a semi trailer.
Athwartships stowage Load stowed across the beam of the container of ship (as opposed to fore and aft stowage). In the context of load securing, it is of utmost importance whether a container is stowed athwartships or fore and aft on a ship. In the case of athwartships stowage, the greatest acceleration forces act on the actual container longitudinally rather than transversely. Load securing measures must then be taken with this in mind.
ATP agreement Agreement of the International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs and on the Special Equipment to be used for such Carriage (Agreement on the Transport of Perishables); UN agreement for the cross-border transportation of foodstuffs.
Autolysis (Greek: autos - self; lucin - separation) Self-digestion.
Autoxidation Oxidation caused atmospheric oxygen and taking place at normal temperatures.

B

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Barge a non-seagoing watercraft used on inland or protected coastal waters:
Basket wagon A rail wagon with a demountable subframe, fitted with devices for vertical handling, to allow the loading and unloading of semi-trailers or road vehicles.
Baud Unit of speed for data transfer; 1 baud = 1 bit/s.
Bay A row of containers running from one side of the ship to the other. To be distinguished from a hold.
Bay plan Plan for the stowage of containers, in which each bay on a vessel is represented in a cross-sectional plan of the ship from bow to stern. A bay plan shows all possible positions for stowage on the vessel.
Bay-row-tier system Numbering system for the arrangement of containers on a vessel. In this numbering system, the bay is specified first, then the container row, which runs the length of the ship, and finally the tier (vertical layer).
Bay-tier-row system Numbering system for the arrangement of containers on a vessel. In this numbering system, the bay is specified first, then the tier (vertical layer) and finally the container row, which runs the length of the ship.
Beveling If a board of lumber beam is used diagonally for load securing purposes in a container, the ends must be beveled to ensure a tight fit into the container, thus allowing forces to be transferred to the container.
Big Bag A removable internal liner, strong enough to be lifted and to carry bulk cargoes of different types.
Bilge sump Sump at the lowest point of the hold, where water can collect and be pumped off.
Billets Semi-finished products (steel products) with a square of rectangular cross-section, edge lengths of 50 to 125 mm, rounded edges and a minimum length of approximately 1000 mm. This are the used to produce for bars, wire rod and special profiles or for forged or drop-forged items.
Bill of lading, bill of lading number Consignment note issued by the consignor as part of ocean-going and inland transportation processes which regulates the legal relationships between the loader, the consignor and the receiver of the goods that are being transported.

This note may be confirmation from the consignor that the goods have been received for shipping (Received for Shipment B/L) or a confirmation that the goods have been put on board (On Board B/L, Shipped on Board B/L). This document also covers the duty of the consignor to deliver the goods to their port or destination and to hand the goods over to the legitimate owner of the bill of lading in return for the bill of lading.

Bimodal semi-trailer (rail – road) A road semi-trailer that can be converted into a rail wagon by the addition of rail bogies.
Biotic activity Refers to activities evident in products of vegetable or animal origin that during transportation exert an influence on the products themselves and/or on other animal or vegetable products. Biotic activity covers biochemical, microbial and other decomposition processes (e.g. allelopathy).
Bird's mouth A bird's mouth is formed when a very flat V-shape is cut into the end of a piece of wood.
Bitter ends The ends of rope after a change of direction of any kind. The ends are usually joined by means of a knot, wire cable clamps, turnbuckles, shackles etc.
Black rot Rot attack on fruit. Black rot can always occur if damage to the fruit extends as far as the flesh. This is then easily transferred from an infected piece of fruit to the other fruits. Black rot is a frequent type of chilling damage occurring in pineapples.
Block stowage A method of loading: in block stowage, the goods are stowed as a single block, without leaving space of the flow of air. Thus, air can only pass around the block itself.
Block train a number of permanently coupled railway wagons, normally running directly between two selected terminals or entities without shunting.
Blowing Bulging observed on the lids and bases of cans caused by the formation of gas after the sterilization process and ultimitely leading and bursting. Such bulging can be caused by high temperatures (see heat-induced blowing) or low temperatures (see cold-induced) erfolgen.
Blue discoloration Blue discoloration of wood caused by blue stain fungi.
Blued steel scrap A normal steel scrap can be refined by heat treatment (heating, quenching, tempering). It undergoes a structural change which gives it optimal properties in terms of hardness and elasticity. Heat treatment leaves an oxide layer on the surface of the steel which is a bleuish color (steel blue), hence the name.
Botulism Dangerous food poisoning caused by the bacterium clostridium botulinum occuring for instance in insufficiently sterilized preserved meat of vegetables.
Box Another (less formal) name for a shipping container. This is how they are often referred to in the industry.
Box container Alternative colloquial term for the standard ISO container.
Bracing/bracing beams Items used to secure general cargo loads. Bracing is usually made from squared lumber beams that are fitted between the load and the load-bearing sections of the container in order to take up the horizontal and vertical forces acting on the load. The bracing is subject to compressive stress.
Break-bulk loose cargo, such as cartons, stowed directly in the ship's hold as opposed to containerized or bulk cargo. The volume of break bulk cargo has declined dramatically worldwide as containerization has grown.
Brine circuit Intermediate circuit of a cooling system that uses a saline solution (brine) as a coolant to reduce the freezing point. This method is often used to reduce the amount of chemical-based coolant used in the cooling system.
Brittle fracture Caused by mechanical stress placed on plastic films at freezing temperatures.
B-Train two trailers linked together by a fifth wheel, and are up to 26 m (85 ft) long. The fifth wheel coupling is located at the rear of the lead, or first trailer and is mounted on a "tail" section commonly located immediately above the lead trailer axles.
Buckling Drying and consequential bulging of the exterior of paper packages on pallets.
Buffer stow A so-called "buffer" is required when transporting a heavy load with a high mass and small surfaces for distributing the forces acting upon the object. Lumber beams are usually used for this purpose. For certain types of load, the effort involved in this load securing method can be reduced by using part of the load as a buffer. Round bars are a good example, as they are 1) capable of bearing high loads, and 2) suffer no damage as a result of being used as a buffer. For this method, a round bar is first loaded across the end wall of the container. This then acts as a buffer and, in the event of jolts during transport, cushions or distributes the forces evenly across the wall.

Since the buffer is created by the way the cargo is loaded, this method is referred to as "buffer stow".

Bulk Cargo commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities. These cargos are usually dropped or poured as a liquid or solid, into a bulk carrier's hold. Examples of bulk cargo are grain, seed, and coal and iron ore.
Bulk cargoes cargoes which are intended to be transported without any intermediate form of containment in bulk packagings or portable tanks

C

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CA, CA atmosphere CA = Controlled Atmosphere: For example, an artificial reduction of the level of oxygen and increase in the level of carbon dioxide to extend the lifetime of goods.
CA container Container with controlled atmosphere.
Cakes Cuboid semi-finished copper product that is used to make other semi-finished or finished products.
Caking Hardening of bulk cargo caused by a release of water vapor; Causes the formation of lumps if moisture is present in salts or sugars.
Candying Hardening caused by an excessively dry atmosphere, e.g. on dried fruits.
Capacitive network Data network with capacitive coupling to the power network for remote monitoring of refrigerated.
Capillary condensation Condensation of vapors in the fine pores of adsorbtion media.
Cargo any goods, wares, merchandise and articles of any kind which are intended to be transported.
Cargo sweat Condensation on the surface of the cargo: Condensation can form on the cargo as a result of climatic conditions. Cargo sweat can always occur when the temperature of the cargo is lower than or equal to the dew point. It can also occur during transportation from temperature latitudes, e.g. from northern hemisphere winter to the tropics.
Cargo temperature The temperature of the cargo within the container. Can vary according to place and time (e.g. during a cooling or warming process).
Cargo transport unit (CTU) a freight container, swap-body, vehicle, railway wagon or any other similar unit;
Carrier Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes.
Catalysis (Greek: katalysis - dissolution, decomposition) Change, usually the acceleration of a chemical reaction by means of substances (catalysts) which appear to remain unchanged during the reaction process.
CBU Capacitive Bridge Unit; component of a remote refrigerated container monitoring system where data is transferred via the power cable. A CBU is used to capacitively modulate the data signal (using a capator) over the power cable.
Cell lumen Pores in the wood structure.
Centre of Gravity (Abbr. CG) The point in or near a body at which the gravitational potential energy of the body is equal to that of a single particle of the same mass located at that point and through which the resultant of the gravitational forces on the component particles of the body acts.
CFC Chloro Fluoro Carbons. CFCs are artificially produced gases or liquids. They are used as coolants, propellants or detergents. CFCs can remain in the atmosphere for decades before being broken down. They are a source of chlorine radicals, which react with ozone and contribute significantly toward the destruction of the ozone layer. CFCs are now banned in Switzerland and a number of other countries.
Chafe Become damaged as a result of abrasion.
Chilled bananas Bananas are chilled when the temperature has dropped down below the acceptable limit. This process means that the fruit suffers irreparable metabolic damage which renders it incapable of ripening.
Chilled meat Fresh meat is transported chilled.
Chilled operation / chilled mode Operating mode of a refrigerated container. During chilled operation the circulated fans run at maximum rpm and the intake air temperature is regulated constantly.
Chill haze Change in consistency due to the deposition if dissolved components as a result of the cooling of aqueous solutions.
Chilling Chill damage is caused when the storage temperature goods of vegetable origin drops below the specified limits. This process means that fruit suffers irreparable metabolic damage which renders it incapable of ripening.
Chilling damage Occurs when the load is subject to temperatures below the acceptable limits. This process means that fruit suffers irreparable metabolic damage which renders it incapable of ripening.
Chipping This is a mechanical defect of enamel goods.
Circulation bypass (Abbr. CG) Occurs when air in a space does not circulate throughout the entire space, but rather seeks the path of least resistance in parts of the space.
Chassis See skeletal trailer.
CKD (Completely Knocked Down cars). For the purposes of customs, cars are not transported fully assembled, or are partially dismantled after being assembled. Final assembly of the vehicles is subsequently carried out once they reach their destination. CKD transportation makes it possible to avoid high import duties (100% and more).
Climacteric (Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time). Ready to eat or ripe for consumption.
Climacteric fruits (from the Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time). For bananas the "climacteric" is the point at which the fruits turn from green to yellow. Starch breaks down to form sugar. Fruits that reach the climacteric are ready-to-eat or ripe for consumption.
Climacteric rise (from the Latin: climactericus - turning point, critical time). The final increase in carbon dioxide excretion which marks the beginning of maturation of a fruit. After the climactic rise, fruits are ready to eat.
Clip-on units Refrigeration units used to cool porthole containers on deck, in port or during road/rail transportation.
Close coupled trailer A close-coupled trailer is fitted with a rigid tow bar which projects from its front and hooks onto a hook on the tractor. It does not pivot as a full / drawbar trailer does.
Coagulation (Latin: coagulare - to congeal). Clotting of a colloid solution, for example, protoplasma.
Coefficient of expansion, thermal, cubic Increase in volume of a material caused by an increased in temperature.
Coefficient of sliding friction Dimensionless factor indicated by the Greek letter μ. This factor is used to determine the force required to overcome the friction which is produced by a specific material combination constantly siding under the influence of a pulling force. The coefficient of sliding friction is important in load securing, since the sliding friction of a load with a specific material combination (load/loading area) must be overcome before the load slides. The greater the friction, the less effort is required in securing the load.
Cohesive resistance Resistance of an object against slipping on a surface (a function of cohesion and friction).
Coil box container Special container for transporting coils. They handle greater line loads and are equipped with coil wells and special load securing features.
Coil container Are built like flats or flatracks, i.e. they consist of a container floor and flat or frame-like end walls. The container floor has cargo troughs for accommodating coils/ rolls of steel sheet.
Coils Products such as steel sheets, wide strip, steel piping or wire which are coiled into rolls. Coils weighing up to 35 t are transported.
Cold chain Unbroken chain from manufacture through to the consumer in which the prescribed cooling temperature is constantly maintained.
Cold induced blowing Bulging on cans caused by the canned product increasing in volume when the temperature fails below freezing point.
Cold-rolled strips Flat cold-rolled products in widths of up to 650 mm and thicknesses of 0.1 - 6 mm. Can be made from any type of steel and is available with any required surface treatment. Cold-rolled strips are available in the form of rings or strips (bars). The advantage of cold-rolled strips and sheets over hot-rolled and cole re-rolled sheets is the greater degree of accuracy of dimensions.
Collapsible flat rack container Flat with end walls that can be folded in when empty. The end walls are unlocked and folded down onto the loading area. In this state, the flats can be stacked. Three of the "folded" flats take up about the same space as a standard container.
Collo PI, colli, internationally used word meaning an item of freight (crate, box, bale bag, bundle, etc.)
Combined transport Intermodal transport where the major part of the European journey is by rail, inland waterways or sea and any initial and/or final legs carried out by road are as short as possible.
Compatibility characteristics Interrelationships between the transport properties of products in relation to each other and in relation to the environment.
Competent authority Competent authority shall mean any body or authority designated or otherwise recognized as such for any purpose in connection with these Regulations.
Compliance assurance Compliance assurance shall mean a systematic programme of measures applied by a competent authority that is aimed at ensuring that the provisions of these Regulations are met in practice.
Conair container Refrigerated containers without their own refrigeration unit. Conair refrigerated containers, also called insulated or porthole containers, do not have their own refrigeration unit. They are thus reliant on an external supply of cold air. This is achieved by refrigeration units of various types, permanently installed on the ship, permanently installed in the terminal or clip-on units for individual containers. Porthole containers are thermally insulated and have two sealable openings on the end walls (the portholes) through which cold air can be blown into the container and warm air can be extracted. The cold air is forced through the lower opening into the container, then distributed throughout the load via the T-bar floor, and subsequently flows through the load to the top of the container and is extracted through the upper opening.
Confinement system Confinement system shall mean the assembly of fissile material and packaging components specified by the designer and agreed to by the competent authority as intended to preserve criticality safety.
Consignee Consignee shall mean any person, organization or government that is entitled to take delivery of a consignment.
Consignment Freight sent under a single contract of carriage
Consignor A person or company who puts goods in the care of others (forwarding agent/freight forwarder, carrier/transport operator) to be delivered to a consignee
Consolidated packages Group of cargo items fastened together with straps or similar devices.
Consolidation See groupage
Contact insecticide Contact poison that kills pests on contact.
Contact poison Poison that kills pests on contact.
Container Generic term for a box to carry freight, strong enough for repeated use, usually stackable and fitted with devices for transfer between modes.
Container bolster A container floor without sides or end walls generally used for Ro/Ro operations.
Container dry Water content of goods which would not negatively impact the quality of the goods being transported in the container. For any given load, this water content will be dependent on the duration of the journey and the route and may vary over different routes.
Containerizable Goods (and their packaging) must have the physical properties which ensure that they will survive transport in a container without damage as a result of climatic, mechanical and biotic conditions (depending on the route and duration of transport). These properties include the humidity, temperature and ventilation requirements of the load.
Container packing certificate Certificate indicating correct loading of a dangerous goods container and the observance of the regulations set out in the IMDG Code (International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code). The container packing certificate is issued by the person responsible for packing the container.
Container section A packed section of a container.
Container sweat Condensation which forms on the surfaces of the container.
Container template Generally a moveable frame that maps the size and shape of the inside of a container. If the exact dimensions of a cargo or its packing are unknown, the 'template' can be pushed over the load in order to make sure that the correct size of container has been selected.
Container Terminal a docking, unloading and loading area within a port designed to suit the sizes and needs of container ships.
Containment system Containment system shall mean the assembly of components of the packaging specified by the designer as intended to retain the radioactive material during transport.
Contamination Contamination shall mean the presence of a radioactive substance on a surface in quantities in excess of 0.4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 0.04 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
Contraction (Latin: contrahere - shrink) Reduction in volume.
Non-fixed contamination shall mean contamination that can be removed from a surface during routine conditions of transport.
Fixed contamination shall mean contamination other than non-fixed contamination.
Conveyance Conveyance shall mean:
For transport by road or rail: any vehicle;
(a)
For transport by road or rail: any vehicle;
(b)
For transport by water: any vessel, or any hold, compartment, or defined deck area of a vessel;
(c)
For transport by air: any aircraft.
Cooked bananas If upper temperature limits are exceeded, the bananas can ripen so quickly that they burst. This is usually referred to as "cooked" bananas.
Corner castings Corner fittings located at all eight corners of the container. They are used to handle the container. Lifting gear, such as container gantries and cranes, is attached to the corner castings of the containers in order to lift them. The corner castings are used in conjunction with twist locks to secure containers when traveling on road vehicles or stack and fasten them securely to the deck of ocean-going vessel. The twist locks are placed in the corner castings and engage with the corner castings (on the floor) of the next container.
Corner fitting Fixed points usually located at the top and bottom corners of a container into which twistlocks or other devices engage to enable the container to be lifted, stacked, secured.
Corner posts Corner posts of a container. These connect the upper corner casting of a container to the lower one and form one of the most stable parts of the container.
Corrosion (Latin: corrodere) Destruction of materials. When applied to metals this is an electrochemical process that can, in particular, be promoted by a good electrolyte (sea water).
Corrugated board carton Carton made of corrugated board.
Corrugations Metal sheets are deliberately corrugated in order to increase their stability. Standard containers, insofar as they are made of steel sheet are usually manufactured using sheet sheets with trapezoidal corrugations. Corrugations can also be used when making steel drums, again for the purposes of stabilization.
Cradle A cradle is a frame that is used to secure loads with a tendency to roll, such as boats or cylindrical goods (boilers, large-diameter pipes, etc.). The upper side of the cradle is shaped to fit the product it is designed to carry.
Crane Conventional lifting crane where the load is suspended by cable via a jib.
Crate A wooden receptacle formed like a case or box, with the difference that the external walls and the lid are not fully closed.
Crate restraint shoe Steel bracket specially made to suit a specific crate, where the upper side of the shoe takes the crate and the underside of the shoe is designed to fit tightly to the transport medium or container.
Crispness Property of a product (e.g. bakery products).
Criticality safety index Criticality safety index (CSI) assigned to a package, overpack or freight container containing fissile material shall mean a number that is used to provide control over the accumulation of packages, overpacks or freight containers containing fissile material.
Critical water content