From Cargo Handbook - the world's largest cargo transport guidelines website
Infobox on Sapodilla
Example of Sapodilla
Freshness facts
Optimum carrying temperature 12°C to 16°C°
Highest freezing point -
Acceptable product temp. at loading into containers Max. 2°C above carrying temperature
Optimum humidity 85%-90%
Ventilation setting for containers 25 m³/hr
Storage life 2-3 weeks
Climacteric / non-climacteric Climacteric
Ethylene production Very high
Ethylene sensitivity High
Modified / controlled atmosphere See text
Potential benefits -
On demand


Harvesting and handling

The Sapodilla fruit is a fleshy berry, ellipsoidal, conical or oval, and contain one or several shiny black seeds. It has a dull brown colour and thin skin and yellowish light brown or red pulp. Sapodilla fruit are prized for pleasant aroma and sweet taste. The fruit are very susceptible to mechanical injury.

The optimum harvest time is difficult to determine. Full mature fruit will have a brown skin, and fruit will separate easily from the stem without leaking latex. Extent of scurfiness is also a good indicator of maturity. A fruit with a smooth surface, shining potato colour and rounded styler end is considered mature.

Fruit harvested later than optimum time usually soften very rapidly and become very difficult to handle. Fruit harvested earlier than physiological maturity may not soften, are usually low in sweetness and high in astringency when ripe, with a rather unappealing alcoholic aftertaste, and form pockets of coagulated latex that lower quality.

Cooling and storage

Postharvest life is 2 to 3 weeks at 12°C to 16°C with 85% to 90% relative humidity. Storage life of sapodilla is extended by use of MA and removal of ethylene. Storage in 5% to 10% CO2 enriched atmospheres delays ripening. Sapodilla fruit are highly susceptible to chilling injury. Storage of fruit at 6°C to 10°C causes irreversible damage and results in poor flavour.

Mixed loads

Sapodilla fruit are sensitive to ethylene; do not ship with other ethylene-producing commodities.


Avoid chilling temperatures (below 12°C). Exposure to CO2 concentrations of >10% may damage the appearance and taste of sapodilla.

Storage disorders

Chilling injury, Phytophthora, Pestalotiopsis, Phomopsis.