|Infobox on Acetic Anhydride|
|Example of Acetic Anhydride|
|Stowage factor (in m3/t)||Drums: 1,78/1,92 m3/t, 63/68 ft3|
|Humidity / moisture||-|
|Risk factors||IMDG Class 8 Corrosive, also flammable|
Colourless, flammable liquid with an irritating odour. Normally carried in glass carboys in an outer covering of box or crate, also in metal or plastic drums.
Corrosive to most metals when moisture is present. Flammable when heated above 50°C. Any vapour given out is strongly irritant to eyes and mucous membranes. Decomposes in hot water to acetic acid.
Acetic anhydride, or ethanoic anhydride, is a chemical compound. Commonly abbreviated Ac2O, it is the simplest isolatable acid anhydride and is a widely used reagent in organic synthesis. It is a colorless liquid that smells strongly of acetic acid, formed by its reaction with the moisture in the air.
Acetic anhydride is mainly used for acetylations leading to commercially significant materials. Its largest application is for the conversion of cellulose to cellulose acetate, which is a component of photographic film and other coated materials. Similarly it is used in the production of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), which is prepared by the acetylation of salicylic acid. It is also used as a wood preservative via autoclave impregnation to make a longer lasting timber.
In starch industry, acetic anydride is a common acetylation compound, used for the production of modified starches (E1414, E1420, E1422)
Because of its use for the synthesis of heroin by the diacetylation of morphine, acetic anhydride is listed as a U.S. DEA List II precursor, and restricted in many other countries.
Hazard IMDG Class 8 Corrosive, also flammable
Acetic anhydride is an irritant and flammable. Because of its reactivity toward water, alcohol foam or carbon dioxide are preferred for fire suppression. The vapour of acetic anhydride is harmful. When mixed with hydrogen peroxide, an excess of acetic anhydride reacts with one of the reaction products peracetic acid and forms highly shock sensitive and explosive diacetyl peroxide.